Jakob J. Metzger

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Muller's ratchet is a paradigmatic model for the accumulation of deleterious mutations in a population of finite size. A click of the ratchet occurs when all individuals with the least number of deleterious mutations are lost irreversibly due to a stochastic fluctuation. In spite of the simplicity of the model, a quantitative understanding of the process(More)
Antisera have been prepared in rabbits and in mice against different peptides corresponding to four hydrophilic and variable regions of HLA-B7 heavy chain (65-82, 99-118, 138-157, and 164-187). Specific antipeptide sera have been obtained with all synthetic peptides; for three of them which were more than 20 amino acids long, highly potent sera were(More)
Two groups of seven pregnant sows were farrowing either naturally after 111-114 days of gestation or prematurely after 109 days following an injection of 125 micrograms/animal of a prostaglandin analogue. Colostrum intake was controlled individually on piglets during the first 24 h of life. Measurements of IgG, IgA and IgM were performed on 3 samples of(More)
Waves propagating through a weakly scattering random medium show a pronounced branching of the flow accompanied by the formation of freak waves, i.e., extremely intense waves. Theory predicts that this strong fluctuation regime is accompanied by its own fundamental length scale of transport in random media, parametrically different from the mean free path(More)
Even very weak correlated disorder potentials can cause extreme fluctuations in Hamiltonian flows. In two dimensions this leads to a pronounced branching of the flow. Although present in a great variety of physical systems, a quantitative theory of the branching statistics is lacking. Here, we derive an analytical expression for the number of branches valid(More)
Histocompatibility antigens have been purified by papain treatment of crude cellular membranes obtained from spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes of individual miniature swine that are homozygous at the major histocompatibility complex. The purification protocol included ultracentrifugation, gel filtration, ion-exchange chromatography, and in some instances(More)
Waves traveling through weakly random media are known to be strongly affected by their corresponding ray dynamics, in particular in forming linear freak waves. The ray intensity distribution, which, e.g., quantifies the probability of freak waves is unknown, however, and a theory of how it is approached in an appropriate semiclassical limit of wave(More)