Jakob J. Metzger

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Muller's ratchet is a paradigmatic model for the accumulation of deleterious mutations in a population of finite size. A click of the ratchet occurs when all individuals with the least number of deleterious mutations are lost irreversibly due to a stochastic fluctuation. In spite of the simplicity of the model, a quantitative understanding of the process(More)
Two groups of seven pregnant sows were farrowing either naturally after 111-114 days of gestation or prematurely after 109 days following an injection of 125 micrograms/animal of a prostaglandin analogue. Colostrum intake was controlled individually on piglets during the first 24 h of life. Measurements of IgG, IgA and IgM were performed on 3 samples of(More)
Antisera have been prepared in rabbits and in mice against different peptides corresponding to four hydrophilic and variable regions of HLA-B7 heavy chain (65-82, 99-118, 138-157, and 164-187). Specific antipeptide sera have been obtained with all synthetic peptides; for three of them which were more than 20 amino acids long, highly potent sera were(More)
Waves propagating through a weakly scattering random medium show a pronounced branching of the flow accompanied by the formation of freak waves, i.e., extremely intense waves. Theory predicts that this strong fluctuation regime is accompanied by its own fundamental length scale of transport in random media, parametrically different from the mean free path(More)
Histocompatibility antigens have been purified by papain treatment of crude cellular membranes obtained from spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes of individual miniature swine that are homozygous at the major histocompatibility complex. The purification protocol included ultracentrifugation, gel filtration, ion-exchange chromatography, and in some instances(More)
Even very weak correlated disorder potentials can cause extreme fluctuations in Hamiltonian flows. In two dimensions this leads to a pronounced branching of the flow. Although present in a great variety of physical systems, a quantitative theory of the branching statistics is lacking. Here, we derive an analytical expression for the number of branches valid(More)
Staphylococcal Protein-A conjugated to fluorescein (FPA) was compared to a fluorescein conjugated sheep immunoglobulin anti-pig IgG (FSAPG) as a labeling agent for surface IgG positive (sIg+) porcine lymphoid cells. At plateau concentration of the reagents, more lymphoid cells were labeled with FPA than with FSAPG. However, on a protein concentration basis,(More)
Quil-A, a purified extract of saponin, was analyzed for its adjuvant properties in the porcine humoral immune response against lysozyme. The adjuvant properties of Quil-A are comparable to the oil adjuvant properties in the pig. The optimal dose was found to be 1 mg per pig. Quil-A enhanced also slightly the homocytotropic antibodies.