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Muller's ratchet is a paradigmatic model for the accumulation of deleterious mutations in a population of finite size. A click of the ratchet occurs when all individuals with the least number of deleterious mutations are lost irreversibly due to a stochastic fluctuation. In spite of the simplicity of the model, a quantitative understanding of the process(More)
Two groups of seven pregnant sows were farrowing either naturally after 111-114 days of gestation or prematurely after 109 days following an injection of 125 micrograms/animal of a prostaglandin analogue. Colostrum intake was controlled individually on piglets during the first 24 h of life. Measurements of IgG, IgA and IgM were performed on 3 samples of(More)
Waves propagating through a weakly scattering random medium show a pronounced branching of the flow accompanied by the formation of freak waves, i.e., extremely intense waves. Theory predicts that this strong fluctuation regime is accompanied by its own fundamental length scale of transport in random media, parametrically different from the mean free path(More)
A genetic control of humoral immune response in pigs against hen egg-white lysozyme was shown to be linked to the major histocompatibility complexSLA. This control was detected when high antigen doses were used for immunization. It was more prominent with small immunizing doses of lysozyme. Under these latter conditions,SL- A heterozygous individuals(More)
Histocompatibility antigens have been purified by papain treatment of crude cellular membranes obtained from spleen and mesenteric lymph nodes of individual miniature swine that are homozygous at the major histocompatibility complex. The purification protocol included ultracentrifugation, gel filtration, ion-exchange chromatography, and in some instances(More)
A genomic cosmid library constructed from DNA from a genotyped individual (JF = HLA-A11, Cw-, B38/A26, Cw7, B51) was screened for clones containing class I histocompatibility genes. Among these clones, one was found to carry a 4.8 kb Hind III fragment which is highly correlated with HLA-A11. This clone was used to transfect LMTK+ cultured mouse fibroblast(More)
Even very weak correlated disorder potentials can cause extreme fluctuations in Hamiltonian flows. In two dimensions this leads to a pronounced branching of the flow. Although present in a great variety of physical systems, a quantitative theory of the branching statistics is lacking. Here, we derive an analytical expression for the number of branches valid(More)
When waves propagate through weakly scattering but correlated, disordered environments they are randomly focused into pronounced branchlike structures, a phenomenon referred to as branched flow, which has been studied in a wide range of isotropic random media. In many natural environments, however, the fluctuations of the random medium typically show(More)
Staphylococcal Protein-A conjugated to fluorescein (FPA) was compared to a fluorescein conjugated sheep immunoglobulin anti-pig IgG (FSAPG) as a labeling agent for surface IgG positive (sIg+) porcine lymphoid cells. At plateau concentration of the reagents, more lymphoid cells were labeled with FPA than with FSAPG. However, on a protein concentration basis,(More)