Jakob A. Zijlstra

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With the intention of assessing the general performance, sensitivity and the underlying mechanisms of somatic cell mutagenicity assays in Drosophila, a study was undertaken to compare the effectiveness of 5 procarcinogens and 4 direct-acting agents in the white/white-coral eye mosaic assay (SMART) with their activity in early (premeiotic) male and female(More)
A set of six Drosophila strains was developed, by inducing by chemical treatment with N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) new white and, in some strains, yellow mutations in 3 wild-type (WT) and 3 insecticide-resistant (IR) populations. These strains were previously shown to vary with regard to contents and inducibility of microsomal oxidative enzymes (Zijlstra et(More)
This study presents the analysis of chemically-induced somatic mutations and chromosomal damage in the eye imaginal discs of Drosophila larvae, assayed later as twin (TS) and single light (LS) mosaic spots in the adult eyes. Regarding the question as to what kind of DNA alterations contribute to somatic cell mutagenicity, the approach followed here has been(More)
Some basic characteristics of the enzyme system involved in the oxidative metabolism of xenobiotic compounds were investigated in Drosophila melanogaster flies. Attention was focussed on (1) the normal levels of these enzymes and their activities in whole flies, in different parts of the fly's body and in different sexes, (2) the changes in levels and(More)
The optimal conditions for mutagenesis studies with DMBA and some other aromatic carcinogens in Drosophila were investigated in detail. The results presented in this paper indicate the following. The mutagenic effectiveness of DMBA is dependent on the route of administration, injection being far more effective when compared with feeding. The choice of the(More)
With the use of a series of wild-type and repair-deficient strains and appropriate application procedures, it is possible to demonstrate that carcinogenic aromatic amines and polycyclic hydrocarbons are mutagens in Drosophila. We have shown evidence that AAF, N-OH-AAF, AcO-AAF, BP, DAS and DMBA produce recessive lethals when fed to or injected into adult(More)
The route of administration of a drug is a pharmacological factor to be reckoned with. In Drosophila, a whole-animal object for mutagenicity studies, the way in which a mutagen is applied can also be of crucial importance. In this study the mutagenicity of a number of directly acting agents was determined after feeding or injection of the mutagen.(More)
A comparative study was performed to assess the effects of six pairs of coded compounds using cultures of whole chick and rat embryos as well as aggregating brain cell cultures. Developed originally for basic studies in developmental biology, these three culture systems have been adapted for the screening of chemicals in the field of prenatal toxicology.(More)