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Phantom pain may occur in up to 85% of patients after limb amputation. Although the pathophysiology of postamputation phantom pain is not well understood, it seems to be produced by a complex multifactorial interaction between the peripheral, sympathetic, and central nervous systems. The theoretical aspects of this are reviewed. Management of phantom limb(More)
A phantom is proposed for quality control and calibration of instruments used for transillumination of the breast for early detection of cancer. A container is filled with a material having optical properties very similar to those of breast tissue, and internal objects are viewed by transmitted light. The phantom can be used to optimize operating conditions(More)
The discovery of opiate receptors and then their endogenous ligands in 1974 (Snyder et al., 1974) has elucidated a vast pharmacology of opiates providing a basis for their diverse clinical applications. With the awareness of quality of life as a primary goal in terminal cancer patients, widespread attention has been drawn to the direct delivery of long-term(More)
Baclofen at 20-40 mg/day was used to successfully treat two post-amputation patients who developed continuous complex involuntary movements of the proximal extremity. These autonomous movements were otherwise recalcitrant to therapy and were felt to arise from neural generators intrinsic to the spinal cord. Baclofen is known to be useful for spasticity of(More)
In 1993, following implementation of the NHS and Community Care Act ( Audit Commission 1990 ), the discharge of palliative care patients into the community became more complex. All providers of social and health care are now required to communicate, coordinate and co-operate with each other to formulate comprehensive and individualised care packages ((More)
Classifying a trademark as descriptive rather than suggestive fundamentally alters the scope of trademark protection. A descriptive mark, derived from a feature of the product or service sold, only qualifies for protection after the mark has acquired source significance, i.e., consumers see it as a trademark. A suggestive trademark, which indirectly invokes(More)
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