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Neuronal ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase (UCH-L1) has been linked to Parkinson's disease (PD), the progression of certain nonneuronal tumors, and neuropathic pain. Certain lung tumor-derived cell lines express UCH-L1 but it is not expressed in normal lung tissue, suggesting that this enzyme plays a role in tumor progression, either as a trigger or as a(More)
A growing subset of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) contains long stretches of sequence complementarity to conserved sequences in mature ribosomal RNA (rRNA). This article reviews current knowledge about these complementarities and proposes that these antisense snoRNAs might function in pre-rRNA folding, base modification and ribosomal ribonucleoprotein(More)
Tissue transglutaminase (TGase) is a Ca(2+)-dependent enzyme that catalyzes cross-linking of intracellular proteins through a mechanism that involves isopeptide bond formation between Gln and Lys residues. In addition to its transamidation activity, TGase can bind guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP) and does so in a manner that is antagonized by calcium. Once(More)
The authors employed a novel approach to identify therapeutics effective in Alzheimer disease (AD). The 5'untranslated region (5'UTR) of the mRNA of AD amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a significant regulator of the levels of the APP holoprotein and amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide in the central nervous system. The authors generated stable neuroblastoma(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive loss of motor neuron function. It is caused by the homozygous loss of the SMN1 (survival of motor neuron 1) gene and a decrease in full-length SMN protein. SMN2 is a nearly identical homolog of SMN1 that, due to alternative splicing, expresses predominantly(More)
Alternative splicing of tau exon 10 produces tau isoforms with either 3 (3R) or 4 (4R) repeated microtubule-binding domains. Increased ratios of 4R to 3R tau expression, above the physiological 1:1, leads to neurofibrillary tangles and causes neurodegenerative disease. An RNA stem loop structure plays a significant role in determining the ratio, with(More)
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) accounts for 10% of all ALS cases; approximately 25% of these cases are due to mutations in the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene (SOD1). To date, 105 different mutations spanning all 5 exons have been identified in the SOD1 gene. Mutant SOD1-associated ALS is caused by a toxic gain of function of the mutated(More)
Recent data have shown that the G-protein-coupled receptor GPR54 (also known as KiSS-1 receptor) regulates GnRH release from the hypothalamus. This essential role of GPR54 in controlling the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis makes it an attractive target for therapeutic intervention in reproductive and cancer medicine. Currently, there are no(More)
BACKGROUND Hypocatabolism of the amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) by insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD), making pharmacological activation of IDE an attractive therapeutic strategy. However, it has not been established whether the proteolytic activity of IDE can be enhanced by drug-like compounds. (More)
Genes for three novel yeast snRNAs have been identified and tested for essentiality. Partial sequence information was developed for RNA extracted from isolated nuclei and the respective gene sequences were discovered by screening a DNA sequence database. The three RNAs contain 222, 188 and 183 nucleotides and are designated snR31, snR32 and snR33,(More)