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Buddhist meditation practices have become a topic of widespread interest in both science and medicine. Traditional Buddhist formulations describe meditation as a state of relaxed alertness that must guard against both excessive hyperarousal (restlessness) and excessive hypoarousal (drowsiness, sleep). Modern applications of meditation have emphasized the(More)
Humans suffer heavily from substance use disorders and other addictions. Despite much effort that has been put into understanding the mechanisms of the addictive process, treatment strategies have remained suboptimal over the past several decades. Mindfulness training, which is based on ancient Buddhist models of human suffering, has recently shown(More)
The frequency of resistance to seven different antimicrobial agents was examined in the aerobic gram-negative gut flora of over 600 individuals from hospitals, from laboratories where antibiotics were used, and from urban and rural communities. In a majority (62.5%) of fecal samples from people without a recent history of taking antibiotics, 10% or more of(More)
Neurophenomenological studies seek to utilize first-person self-report to elucidate cognitive processes related to physiological data. Grounded theory offers an approach to the qualitative analysis of self-report, whereby theoretical constructs are derived from empirical data. Here we used grounded theory methodology (GTM) to assess how the first-person(More)
Improving the care of trauma patients in a rural environment requires that several important issues be addressed. First, a universal definition of what constitutes "rural" must be established. We propose that a combined effort of the Federal Government and the Committee on Trauma of the American College of Surgeons develop this definition. Second, data on(More)
OBJECTIVES Most studies from trauma centers analyze and present combined data on patients from their surrounding communities and patients referred for specialized services from service areas of other hospitals. Information is needed about the effect of combining data from the two groups on conclusions about injury in the community. METHOD All injured(More)
Polymicrobial infection is a significant cause of mortality in critically ill patients. Antibiotics and surgical intervention are useful but limited in their effectiveness for combating mixed infections. New prophylactic and therapeutic approaches are required to improve survival in critically ill patients. Neutrophils are a known primary host defense(More)