Currently available speech recognisers do not usually work well with elderly speech. This is because several characteristics of speech (e.g. fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer and harmonic noise ratio) change with age and because the acoustic models used by speech recognisers are typically trained with speech collected from younger adults only. To… (More)
Large speech corpora with word-level transcriptions annotated for noises and disfluent speech are necessary for training automatic speech recognisers. Crowdsourcing is a lower cost , faster-turnaround, highly scalable alternative for expert transcription and annotation. In this paper, we showcase our three-step crowdsourcing approach motivated by the… (More)
The author treated 146 cases of congenital external ear deformities, proposing their classification into four groups: anotia, microtia, macrotia, and prominent ears. The importance of a normal appearing ear in the overall facial harmony and contour is emphasized and reconstructive techniques to accomplish this are described.