Jainn-Shiun Chiu

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BACKGROUND Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia remains a common cause of serious morbidity and mortality in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The extensive lung injury that accompanies pneumocystis-associated respiratory failure and the reports of clinical benefit from the use of adjunctive corticosteroids provided the rationale for(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare pyrimethamine plus clindamycin (PC) to pyrimethamine plus sulfadiazine (PS) as a treatment for toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE) in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). DESIGN Randomized, unblinded phase II, multicenter trial with provision for crossover for failure or intolerance of the assigned regimen. SETTING(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the quantitative microbiologic response and the clinical response of patients with Mycobacterium avium complex bacteremia and AIDS to an oral antimycobacterial regimen. DESIGN A phase II, multicenter clinical trial. SETTING Four university-affiliated medical centers. PATIENTS Forty-one patients with HIV infection who had at(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS In patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), the rate of relapse after primary treatment for cryptococcal meningitis remains high. We conducted a controlled, double-blind trial to evaluate the efficacy of maintenance therapy with fluconazole. At entry into the study, all participants had sterile cultures of(More)
Hyponatremia can be classified as acute or chronic depending on its duration, and treatment options are tailored to this classification. However, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate acute from chronic hyponatremia in the Emergency Department (ED). The objective of this study was to identify characteristics to help diagnose and manage acute(More)
We have defined the optimal circumstances for the induction of human interferon alpha (Hu IFN alpha) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using complexed polyinosinic-polycytidylic acids (poly rIrC). We have found that a poly rIrC concentration of only 0.1 microgram m/ml or 100 fold less than commonly used in fibroblasts produced maximal yields.(More)
Potassium supplements have been recommended to hasten recovery and prevent cardiopulmonary complications in patients with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP). However, this recommendation has not yet been proven efficacious. Thirty-two patients with acute attacks of TPP over a 3-year-period were divided into 2 groups. Group A (n = 12) was a control group(More)
Twelve ASA-sensitive (AS) asthmatics, including nine over age 35 years and three under age 19, were successfully desensitized to the adverse effects of ASA in an average of 322 min without any serious untoward sequelae. Six subjects (50%) experienced subjective improvement, three (25%) no change, and three (25%) worsening in their asthma while on a daily(More)
The molecular dimensions of the extracellular, hexagonal bilayer chlorocruorin of the polychaete Eudistylia vancouverii, determined by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) of negatively stained specimens, were diameter of 27.5 nm and height of 18.5 nm. STEM mass measurements of unstained, freeze-dried specimens provided a molecular mass (Mm) of(More)