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A highly conserved repetitive DNA sequence, (TTAGGG)n, has been isolated from a human recombinant repetitive DNA library. Quantitative hybridization to chromosomes sorted by flow cytometry indicates that comparable amounts of this sequence are present on each human chromosome. Both fluorescent in situ hybridization and BAL-31 nuclease digestion experiments(More)
The distribution of interspersed repetitive DNA sequences in the human genome has been investigated, using a combination of biochemical, cytological, computational, and recombinant DNA approaches. "Low-resolution" biochemical experiments indicate that the general distribution of repetitive sequences in human DNA can be adequately described by models that(More)
No plasmid was detected in Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 17, a strain of the causative agent of black rot in cruciferous plants isolated in Taiwan. Its chromosome was cut by PacI, PmeI, and SwaI into five, two, and six fragments, respectively, and a size of 4.8 Mb was estimated by summing the fragment lengths in these digests. Based on the data(More)
The structure of Dictyostelium discoideum chromatin has been studied by the following techniques: electron microscopy, staphylococcal nuclease digestion, acrylamide gel electrophoresis, sucrose gradient centrifugation, and melting. The basic unit of chromatin is the nucleosome, which is a particle 98.6 A in diameter. Approximately 50% of the chromatin is(More)
The rat serum albumin gene has been isolated from a recombinant library containing the entire rat genome cloned in the lambda phage Charon 4A. Preliminary R-loop and restriction analysis has revealed that this gene is split into at least 14 fragments (exons) by 13 intervening sequences (introns), and that it occupies a minimum of 14.5 kilobases of genomic(More)
The size and arrangement of repetitive and inverted repeat (foldback) sequences in rat DNA were studied by visualization of hybrid and heteroduplex structures in the electron microscope. The self-reassociation of repetitive sequence-bearing DNA strands often results in the formation of four-ended "H" structures, whose duplex regions equal the repetitive(More)
Long and short repetitive sequences of rat DNA can be isolated and characterized. Long [greater than 1.5 kilobases (kb)] sequences can be separated from short (0.2-0.4 kb) sequences by exclusion chromatography after renaturation of 4-kb DNA fragments to a repetitive Cot and digestion with the single-strand-specific S1 nuclease. (Cot is the initial(More)
The empoyment of a novel method of affinity chromatography, which makes use of antibodies that specifically bind DNA/RNA hybrids, has made it possible to enrich for rat rDNA molecules which contain R loops formed with the 18S and 28S rRNAs. An approximately 150-fold enrichment of the ratrRNA coding sequences was obtained by this affinity chromatography(More)
Curdlan is produced by Agrobacterium sp. ATCC 31749 under nitrogen-limited conditions not associated with cell growth. A novel curdlan production process was developed based on the different nutrient requirements for microbial cell growth and its efficiency was increased by integrating carbon/nitrogen sources control and sequencing dual fed-batch fermentors(More)