Jaime de la Cruz Rodriguez

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Heating the outer layers of the magnetically quiet solar atmosphere to more than one million kelvin and accelerating the solar wind requires an energy flux of approximately 100 to 300 watts per square metre, but how this energy is transferred and dissipated there is a puzzle and several alternative solutions have been proposed. Braiding and twisting of(More)
The fine structure and dynamics of sunspots and the strong outflow in their outer filamentary part--the penumbra--have puzzled astronomers for more than a century. Recent theoretical models and three-dimensional numerical simulations explain the penumbral filaments and their radiative energy output as the result of overturning convection. Here, we describe(More)
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