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The orbitofrontal cortex (OfC) is a heterogeneous prefrontal sector selectively connected with a wide constellation of other prefrontal, limbic, sensory and premotor areas. Among the limbic cortical connections, the ones with the hippocampus and parahippocampal cortex are particularly salient. Sensory cortices connected with the OfC include areas involved(More)
PURPOSE Form-deprivation myopia has been induced in many different animal species. Underlying mechanisms are not well understood to date. In the current study the possibility of inducing refractive errors by form deprivation in the mouse (C57 BL/6) was investigated. METHODS Thirty animals underwent a 13- to 20-day monocular form-deprivation period by(More)
PURPOSE To compare the efficacy and sensory outcome of pharmacologic and optical penalization in the treatment of moderate to mild amblyopia. DESIGN Randomized clinical trial. METHODS In an institutional setting, two- to 10-year-old children with strabismic or anisometropic amblyopia (visual acuity in the amblyopic eye at least 20/60) who were(More)
PURPOSE To study the effect of small-incision cataract surgery on the optical aberrations of the cornea. METHODS Corneal topography was measured before and after cataract surgery on 70 eyes of 70 patients. Monofocal foldable IOLs were implanted after phacoemulsification through a clear-cornea, 3.5-mm incision without suture. Corneal aberrations, up to the(More)
PURPOSE To determine the long-term results of botulinum therapy in acquired esotropia and to identify predictors of a satisfactory outcome. METHODS Sixty-eight children (age range, 8-64 months) with acquired esotropia were enrolled in a prospective study. Botulinum toxin A was injected in the two medial recti. Motor and sensory statuses were evaluated at(More)
PURPOSE To study the induced refractive change caused by different 2.8-mm corneal incision locations in phacoemulsification. METHODS One hundred ten patients were randomly assigned to nasal or temporal incision or to superior incision, depending on preexisting astigmatism. The authors fulfilled visual acuity, refraction, keratometry, and eye scanner(More)
Traditional treatment of amblyopia, although still in use and of great value, has recently been challenged by data from studies relative to efficacy of different modalities and regimens of therapy. LogMAR-based acuity charts should be used, whenever possible, for diagnosis and monitoring. Refractive errors of certain magnitude should be prescribed, and(More)
333 Fig. 3. Electric shielding effectiveness at the center of rectangular cavity with multiple slots as a function of the number of slots; a = 1 cm, T = 3a, = 20 cm, h = 50 cm, d = 0:4 cm, = 0. of the magnetic shielding effectiveness corresponds to (n = 1, l = 2) in the same equation. Fig. 2 also shows that there is good agreement between the electric(More)
PURPOSE To report management of diplopia with botulinum toxin injection in traumatic multiple ocular motor cranial neuropathies. 
 METHODS Alternate prism and cover measurement of deviation in different positions of gaze, examination of ductions, field of binocular single vision, and complete ocular anterior and posterior segment evaluation were carried(More)
PURPOSE Evaluate the ability to assess strabismic amblyopia of small-sized Concentric Gratings in comparison with classic linear gratings preferential looking test. METHODS Thirty-three preverbal children (age 6-30 months) with esotropia were tested for monocular visual acuity, using small-sized Concentric Gratings (target size 1.6, in 1/3 octave steps)(More)