Jaime Symowicz

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Reversible modulation of cell-cell adhesion, cell-matrix adhesion, and proteolytic activity plays a critical role in remodeling of the neoplastic ovarian epithelium during metastasis, implicating cadherins, integrins, and proteinases in i.p. metastatic dissemination of epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC). Aberrant epithelial differentiation is an early event(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) is frequently elevated in epithelial ovarian cancer, and E-cadherin expression is often reduced in advanced disease. In this study, we investigated a mechanism by which EGFR activation promotes disruption of adherens junctions through induction of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9). We show that EGFR activation(More)
PRL is essential for normal lobulo-alveolar growth of the mammary gland and may contribute to mammary cancer development or progression. However, analysis of the mechanism of action of PRL in these processes is complicated by the production of PRL within mammary epithelia. To examine PRL actions in a mammary cell-specific context, we selected MCF-7 cells(More)
Elevated levels of the bioactive lipid lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) are detectable in the majority of patients with both early- and late-stage ovarian cancer, suggesting that LPA promotes early events in ovarian carcinoma dissemination. LPA contributes to the development, progression, and metastasis of ovarian cancer in part by inducing the expression of(More)
Reversible modulation of integrin-regulated cell-matrix adhesion and epithelial (E)-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion plays a critical role in the establishment of ovarian cancer metastases. In contrast to most epithelial cell-derived tumors that down-regulate E-cadherin expression during progression, acquisition of E-cadherin expression accompanies(More)
Serous borderline ovarian tumors (SBOTs) are differentiated, slow growing, noninvasive, and have a better prognosis than their invasive counterparts, but recurrence and progression to invasive carcinomas are common, and unlike high-grade serous carcinomas, they tend to be nonresponsive to chemotherapy. However, due to a lack of culture systems and animal(More)
Ovarian cancer metastasizes via exfoliation of free-floating cells and multicellular aggregates from the primary tumor to the peritoneal cavity. A key event in EOC metastasis is disruption of cell-cell contacts via modulation of intercellular junctional components including cadherins. Ascites is rich in lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a bioactive lipid that(More)
OBJECTIVE Serous borderline ovarian tumors (SBOT) are slow growing, noninvasive ovarian epithelial neoplasms, which tend to recur as low-grade invasive carcinomas (LGC) with a much worse prognosis. We investigated the molecular basis of this progression. METHODS We established cultures of three SBOTs and one LGC from tumor biopsies, and inactivated p53,(More)
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