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The object of this article is to draw attention to the significance of microbial diversity as a major resource for biotechnological products and processes. The topic is approached from two complementary standpoints. First, an attempt is made to assess the extent of biodiversity, particularly microbial diversity. In this context, the application of the(More)
Pseudomonas putida PP3 carrying dehalogenases I and II and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAU3 carrying dehalogenase I coded for by plasmid pUU2 were able to grow on 2-monochloropropionic acid (2MCPA). Neither strain utilized 2-chloropropionamide (2CPA) as a carbon or nitrogen source for growth. Mutations in both strains to 2Cpa+ phenotypes (designated P. putida(More)
A new method of estimating fetal weight from the circumference of the fetal trunk, measured by ultrasound, is described. Comparison of weights estimated in this way with the actual birth weights of 50 fetuses, delivered not more than 48 hours later, shows a mean error in prediction of only 75 g, and in 94 per cent the error was less than 145 g. With such(More)
Populations of Escherichi coli K12 containing the plasmid TP120 which coded for resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin, sulphonamide and tetracycline were grown in a chemostat under carbon-limited and phosphorus-limited conditions. With time resistance to one or more of the drugs was lost, resulting in the production of mutant populations which were more(More)
A seven-membered microbial community capable of utilising the herbicide Dalapon has been isolated by continuous-flow enrichment culture. The composition of this community has remained remarkably stable over thousands of hours in a Dalapon-limited chemostat. During this period, however, one member of the community, Pseudomonas putida, acquired the ability to(More)
Pseudomonas putida PP3 utilizes halogenated alkanoic acids (HAA) such as 2,2-DCPA as its sole carbon and energy sources. Spontaneous HHA- mutants, isolated by selection for resistance to the toxic analogs monochloroacetic acid and dichloroacetic acid, arose at frequencies several orders of magnitude higher than expected for spontaneous mutations. Analysis(More)
A pure bacterial culture and a two-membered mixed culture were isolated that degraded trichloroacetic acid if a second, readily metabolizable substrate was present in the growth medium. Previous doubts over the microbial dehalogenation of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) may be due to its inability to act as a sole carbon and energy source. TCA dehalogenation was(More)
As a result of the production of two dehalogenases (DehI and DehII), Pseudomonas putida PP3 utilized halogenated alkanoic acids, such as 2-monochloropropionic acid (2MCPA), as sole sources of carbon and energy. The DehI gene (dehI) was carried on a mobile genetic element (DEH) located on the chromosome of strain PP3. DEH recombined with target plasmid DNAs(More)
Pseudomonas putida strain PP3 produces two hydrolytic dehalogenases encoded by dehI and dehII, which are members of different deh gene families. The 9.74-kb DEH transposon containing dehI and its cognate regulatory gene, dehR(I), was isolated from strain PP3 by using the TOL plasmid pWW0. DEH was fully sequenced and shown to have a composite transposon(More)