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Phytoplankton size structure is key for the ecology and biogeochemistry of pelagic ecosystems, but the relationship between cell size and maximum growth rate (μ(max) ) is not yet well understood. We used cultures of 22 species of marine phytoplankton from five phyla, ranging from 0.1 to 10(6) μm(3) in cell volume (V(cell) ), to determine experimentally(More)
Methanol, MeOH/water extracts, infusion, and decoction of Cymbopogon citratus were assessed for free radical scavenging effects measured by the bleaching of the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical, scavenging of the superoxide anion, and inhibition of the enzyme xanthine oxidase (XO) and lipid peroxidation in human erythrocytes. The extracts(More)
In the size range from lO-4 to 10' pg (carbon) body weight, the biomass of plankton in the euphotic layer of the North Pacific Central Gyre decreases as an allometric function of body weight. Even in a steady state ecosystem such as that analyzed here, there is variability in space and time; this suggests that one must be careful in extrapolating the(More)
Albendazole (ABZ) is a broad-spectrum benzimidazole anthelmintic widely used in human and veterinary medicine. The aim of the current work was to characterise the sulphoxidative metabolism of ABZ, and the sulphoreduction of ABZ sulphoxide (ABZSO), by microsomal (Ms) and cytosolic (Cyt) fractions of three different helminth species: Fasciola hepatica,(More)
Epidemiological studies have suggested inverse associations between allergic diseases and malignancies. As a proof of concept for the capability of immunoglobulin E (IgE) to destruct tumor cells, several experimental strategies have evolved to specifically target this antibody class towards relevant tumor antigens. It could be demonstrated that IgE(More)
The population of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in a temperate oligotrophic freshwater lake was analyzed by recovering 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) from lakewater and sediment samples taken throughout a seasonal cycle. Nitrosospira and Nitrosomonas 16S rRNA genes were amplified in a nested PCR, and the identity of the products was confirmed by oligonucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND Jasplakinolide, a cyclodepsipeptide produced by an Indo-Pacific sponge, Jaspis johnstoni, has been reported to inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells. PURPOSE The effects of jasplakinolide on the proliferation of three human immortalized prostate carcinoma cell lines (PC-3, LNCaP, and TSU-Pr1) were studied. The growth-inhibitory effect of(More)
[reaction: see text] (-)-(5S)-2-Imino-1-methylpyrrolidine-5-carboxylic acid (1), previously reported as the N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase inhibitor pyrostatin B, has been isolated from the organic extracts of the burrowing sponge Cliona tenuis. The structure of 1, including its absolute stereochemistry, was characterized from its spectral data and(More)
The benzoquinone embelin and four alkyl phenols were isolated from an Argentinean collection of Oxalis erythrorhiza. 3-Heptadecyl-5-methoxy-phenol is reported for the first time. The structures were determined by spectroscopic methods. Embelin presented inhibitory effect on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and the dermatophytic(More)
Three E-cinnamic acid glycosides, tryptophan, and cyanidin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside were isolated from ripe fruits of the Chilean strawberry Fragaria chiloensis ssp. chiloensis. 1-O-E-Cinnamoyl-beta-D-xylopyranoside, 1-O-E-cinnamoyl-beta-D-rhamnopyranoside, and 1-O-E-cinnamoyl-alpha-xylofuranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyranose are reported for the first(More)