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The morphology and subcellular positioning of the Golgi complex depend on both microtubule and actin cytoskeletons. In contrast to microtubules, the role of actin cytoskeleton in the secretory pathway in mammalian cells has not been clearly established. Using cytochalasin D, we have previously shown that microfilaments are not involved in the endoplasmic(More)
We demonstrate the presence of cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) in astrocytes in primary culture, its induction by ethanol, and the concomitant generation of free radical species. Double immunofluorescence using anti-CYP2E1 and anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein showed that CYP2E1 was distributed over the cytoplasm and processes, although labeling was more(More)
Astroglial cells play an important role in maintaining neuronal function in the adult and in the developing nervous system. Ethanol exposure induces profound alterations in the astrogliogenesis process, affecting important cell functions, including intracellular protein trafficking. Because the actin cytoskeleton plays a crucial role in intracellular(More)
Astrocyte and glial-neuron interactions have a critical role in brain development, which is partially mediated by glycoproteins, including adhesion molecules and growth factors. Ethanol affects the synthesis, intracellular transport, subcellular distribution and secretion of these glycoproteins, suggesting alterations in glycosylation. We analyzed the(More)
Here we examine the contribution of actin dynamics to the architecture and pH of the Golgi complex. To this end, we have used toxins that depolymerize (cytochalasin D, latrunculin B, mycalolide B, and Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin) or stabilize (jasplakinolide) filamentous actin. When various clonal cell lines were examined by epifluorescence microscopy,(More)
We identified S100 immunoreactive cells in the brain of the lizard Gallotia galloti during ontogeny using immunohistochemical techniques for light and electron microscopy. In double labeling experiments with antibodies specific for S100A1 and S100B (anti-S100) and proliferative cell nuclear antigen (anti-PCNA), myelin basic protein (anti-MBP),(More)
The organization and function of the Golgi complex was studied in normal rat kidney cells following disruption of the actin cytoskeleton induced by cytochalasin D. In cells treated with these reagents, the reticular and perinuclear Golgi morphology acquired a cluster shape restricted to the centrosome region. Golgi complex alteration affected all Golgi(More)
Endocytosis constitutes an essential process in the regulation of the expression of cell surface molecules and receptors and, therefore, could participate in the neural-glial interactions occurring during brain development. However, the relationship between endocytic pathways in astroglial cells under physiological and pathological conditions remains poorly(More)
PTOV1 is a mitogenic protein that shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm in a cell cycle-dependent manner. It consists of two homologous domains arranged in tandem that constitute a new class of protein modules. We show here that PTOV1 interacts with the lipid raft protein flotillin-1, with which it copurifies in detergent-insoluble floating(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) constitutes a group of cell surface glycoproteins that regulate cell-cell interactions in the developing and adult brain. Endocytosis is a mechanism which dynamically controls the amount of cell surface NCAM expression and may involve the rapid changes occurring in NCAM expression under certain physiological or(More)