Jaime Renau-Piqueras

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Astroglial cells play an important role in maintaining neuronal function in the adult and in the developing nervous system. Ethanol exposure induces profound alterations in the astrogliogenesis process, affecting important cell functions, including intracellular protein trafficking. Because the actin cytoskeleton plays a crucial role in intracellular(More)
The morphology and subcellular positioning of the Golgi complex depend on both microtubule and actin cytoskeletons. In contrast to microtubules, the role of actin cytoskeleton in the secretory pathway in mammalian cells has not been clearly established. Using cytochalasin D, we have previously shown that microfilaments are not involved in the endoplasmic(More)
Here we examine the contribution of actin dynamics to the architecture and pH of the Golgi complex. To this end, we have used toxins that depolymerize (cytochalasin D, latrunculin B, mycalolide B, and Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin) or stabilize (jasplakinolide) filamentous actin. When various clonal cell lines were examined by epifluorescence microscopy,(More)
By immunoelectron microscopy with a polyclonal antibody against the cytosolic glycolytic enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from Candida albicans (anti-GAPDH PAb), the protein was clearly detected at the outer surface of the cell wall, particularly on blastoconidia, as well as in the cytoplasm. Intact blastoconidia were able to adhere(More)
In the present study we analyze the events which occur during the early stages of astrogliogenesis by examining the pattern of both GFAP and vimentin gene expression and their corresponding immunoreactive proteins during rat brain development. This study was carried out "in vivo" (whole brain) and "in vitro" (primary culture of radial glia) using(More)
Astrocyte and glial-neuron interactions have a critical role in brain development, which is partially mediated by glycoproteins, including adhesion molecules and growth factors. Ethanol affects the synthesis, intracellular transport, subcellular distribution and secretion of these glycoproteins, suggesting alterations in glycosylation. We analyzed the(More)
The organization and function of the Golgi complex was studied in normal rat kidney cells following disruption of the actin cytoskeleton induced by cytochalasin D. In cells treated with these reagents, the reticular and perinuclear Golgi morphology acquired a cluster shape restricted to the centrosome region. Golgi complex alteration affected all Golgi(More)
We investigated the effects of ethanol exposure on the shape of the cell and the morphology of intermediate filaments (IF) of cortical astrocytes in primary culture. The content and distribution of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), the major component of glial IF, was assessed using an anti-GFAP monoclonal antibody and fluorescence scanning(More)
Prenatal exposure to alcohol affects the morphological, structural, and functional features of the Golgi apparatus (GA), thus altering the glycosylation process in fetal hepatocytes. To elucidate the cellular mechanisms underlying these alterations, we have studied the effect of alcohol exposure in utero on the activity of liver galactosyltransferase, an(More)
PTOV1 is a mitogenic protein that shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm in a cell cycle-dependent manner. It consists of two homologous domains arranged in tandem that constitute a new class of protein modules. We show here that PTOV1 interacts with the lipid raft protein flotillin-1, with which it copurifies in detergent-insoluble floating(More)