Jaime Luís Lopes Rocha

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BACKGROUND Strongyloidiasis infects hundreds of millions of people worldwide and is an important cause of mortality from intestinal helminth infection in developed countries. The persistence of infection, increasing international travel, lack of familiarity by health care providers, and potential for iatrogenic hyperinfection all make strongyloidiasis an(More)
Polymyxin B (PMB) and colistin, administered as the prodrug colistin methanesulfonate sodium (CMS), are increasingly used to treat carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Nephrotoxicity is the major dose-limiting adverse effect of both polymyxins. A retrospective cohort study of 132 patients was conducted to evaluate risk factors for acute kidney(More)
BACKGROUND Optimal empirical therapy of urinary tract infection requires accurate knowledge of local susceptibility patterns, which may vary with organism and patient characteristics. METHODS Among 9,798 consecutive, non-duplicate, community-source urine isolates from ambulatory patients > 13 years old, from clinical laboratory and an academic medical(More)
caused by Plasmodium vivaxmalaria. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2009; 81:758e62. 4. McMorrow ML, Aidoo M, Kachur SP. Malaria rapid diagnostic tests in elimination settingsecan they find the last parasite? Clin Microbiol Infect 2011;17:1624e31. 5. Perandin F, Manca N, Calderaro A, Piccolo G, Galati L, Ricci L, et al. Development of a real-time PCR assay for detection(More)
BACKGROUND Enterobacter is a common nosocomial microorganism and its carbapenem's resistance has increased. The management of these cases is unclear. OBJECTIVE We evaluated 16 patients with KPC-producing Enterobacter aerogenes infections, detailing the site of infection, therapy, clinical and epidemiological data. METHODS A retrospective and descriptive(More)
Cat scratch disease (CSD) is an infectious illness caused by a Gram-negative rod named Bartonella henselae. Typical CSD is characterized by a small skin lesion at the site of a scratch or a bite, followed by regional lymphadenopathy, one to two weeks later. Atypical forms may present as ocular manifestations, neurological manifestations, hepatosplenic(More)
The molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC) has been largely investigated, but limited clinical information is available. A case-control study was performed to evaluate the risk factors for KPC bacteremia in hospitalized patients. Cases were patients with KPC bacteremia and controls were patients with non-KPC(More)
Vancomycin has been used with increased frequency during the past 15 years and the most common toxicity with this drug is the red man syndrome . Other adverse effects include neutropenia, fever, phlebitis, nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, thrombocytopenia, interstitial nephritis, lacrimation, linear IgA bullous dermatosis, necrotizing cutaneous vasculitis and(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for acquiring carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia (CR-PA) and factors associated with in-hospital mortality. METHODS Seventy-seven cases of bacteremia caused by P. aeruginosa were evaluated in a hospital with high incidence of CR-PA. Clinical and laboratorial factors, and(More)