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We report the clinical and immunologic features and outcome in 56 patients with X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome, a disorder caused by mutations in the CD40 ligand gene. Upper and lower respiratory tract infections (the latter frequently caused by Pneumocystis carinii), chronic diarrhea, and liver involvement (both often associated with Cryptosporidium(More)
We report an association between X-linked immunodeficiency with hyper-IgM (XHIM) and carcinomas affecting the liver, pancreas, biliary tree, and associated neuroectodermal endocrine cells. The tumors were fatal in eight of nine cases and in most instances were preceded by chronic cholangiopathy and/or cirrhosis. An additional group of subjects with XHIM had(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether human preterm birth is associated with changes in 17 beta-estradiol and progesterone concentrations in maternal plasma and amniotic fluid. STUDY DESIGN Forty healthy women in preterm labor with singleton pregnancies and intact membranes at 32 to 36 weeks of gestation who underwent amniocentesis(More)
A detailed understanding of the mechanism of action of estrogen on bones is still lacking. The present study was designed to examine possible modulation by 17 beta-estradiol (E2) on the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] and on vitamin D receptors (VDR) in the ROS 17/2.8 osteoblast-like cell line. Cells were grown in phenol-red free medium(More)
The antiproliferative properties of lycopene, the major tomato carotenoid, were compared with those of alpha- and beta-carotene. Lycopene, delivered in cell culture medium from stock solutions in tetrahydrofuran, strongly inhibited proliferation of endometrial (Ishikawa), mammary (MCF-7), and lung (NCI-H226) human cancer cells with half-maximal inhibitory(More)
Recent studies have shown that high insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) blood level is a risk factor in breast and prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to determine whether the mitogenic activity of IGF-I in mammary cancer cells can be reduced by the dietary carotenoid lycopene. The anticancer activity of lycopene, the major tomato carotenoid, has(More)
The diverse health benefit effects of garlic include its anticancer activity. However, very little is known about such activity of isolated garlic compounds, among which allicin (the major ingredient of crushed garlic) has been the least studied. The aim of this work was to determine whether pure allicin exhibits the antiproliferative effect reported for(More)
OBJECTIVES Although several works in the past have examined the effect of haemodialysis (HD) on intraocular pressure (IOP), reported findings, theories, and conclusions are very different. The objectives of this article are to resume the reported evidence of IOP changes during HD, to review the proposed hypothesis of HD influence on IOP, and to determine if(More)
Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA), a rare and severe disorder, comprises absence of sensation to noxious stimuli, inability to sweat, and recurrent episodes of hyperthermia. It has a relatively high prevalence in the consanguineous Israeli-Bedouins. Clinical studies of 28 patients are reported here. Using the linkage analysis approach,(More)
Normal subjects given 60 mg of prednisone orally at 8:00 a.m. developed a transient lymphopenia at 2:00 p.m. To define the populations of lymphocytes affected the number and type of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood were assayed. "Late" and "early" spontaneous sheep red blood cell rosettes were used as markers for thymus-derived (T) lymphocytes and one of(More)