Jaime I. Flores

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Retrospective studies have shown that occult nipple–areolar complex (NAC) involvement in breast cancer is low, occurring in 6–10% of women undergoing skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM). The cosmetic result and high patient satisfaction of nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) has prompted further evaluation of the oncologic safety of this procedure. We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D CTA) can be used preoperatively to evaluate the course and caliber of perforating blood vessels for abdominal free-flap breast reconstruction. For postmastectomy breast reconstruction, many women inquire whether the abdominal tissue volume will match that of the breast to be removed.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of diphenhydramine 50 mg and fexofenadine 180 mg on cognitive performance using the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA), and to ascertain whether the TOVA was sufficiently sensitive to differentiate between the effects of these first- and second-generation H1-receptor antagonists on performance. STUDY DESIGN The study(More)
BACKGROUND Superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flaps are a useful adjunct for autologous microvascular breast reconstruction. However, limitations of short pedicle length, complex anatomy, and donor site deformity make it an unpopular choice. Our goals were to define the anatomic characteristics of SGAPs in cadavers, and report preliminary clinical(More)
The oncologic management of breast cancer has evolved over the past several decades from radical mastectomy to modern-day preservation of chest and breast structures. The increased rate of mastectomies over recent years made breast reconstruction an integral part of the breast cancer management. Plastic surgery now offers patients a wide variety of(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies demonstrate direct patient benefits from use of preoperative computed tomography angiograms (CTA) for abdominal tissue-based breast reconstruction. We present a novel classification schema to translate imaging results into further clinical relevance. METHODS Each hemiabdomen CTA was classified into a schema that addressed findings(More)
Autologous breast reconstruction with microsurgical free tissue transfer has become routine, and perforator-based adipocutaneous flaps are recognized as an excellent option for many patients. Current efforts to optimize patient outcomes focus on minimizing operative morbidity both at the donor and recipient sites. The DIEAP flap avoids most of the abdominal(More)
Although the use of saphenous vein grafts in free-flap salvage and extremity replantation is relatively common, their use in breast reconstruction is rare. These two case reports represent extreme alternatives for breast reconstruction flap salvage. In our normal daily practice, the overwhelming majority of elective breast reconstructions proceed smoothly.(More)
BACKGROUND Two work-horse approaches to postmastectomy breast reconstruction are the deep inferior epigastric perforator flap and the superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flap [and its variation, the lateral septocutaneous superior gluteal artery perforator flap]. Our purpose was fourfold: 1) to analyze our experience with the SGAP flaps for(More)