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The importance of the contaminant OTS in the promoting activity of commercial saccharin on rat bladder neoplasia was investigated. OTS, OTS-free and OTS-contaminated saccharin were administered in the drinking water or diet for 2 years to groups of rats pretreated with an intravesical instillation of MNU; OTS alone and OTS-free saccharin were also given to(More)
It is now well established that the interaction of multiple environmental factors may increase the incidence of some human cancers more than exposure to a single carcinogen. With an in vivo experimental rat model, we have demonstrated a synergistic effect in bladder carcinogenesis between a subcarcinogenic dose of the strong bladder carcinogen,(More)
A sensitive rat model has been designed to detect potential weak bladder carcinogens or co-carcinogens. The test compound is given to animals which have received a single initiating, but non-carcinogenic, dose of N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). The model has been used to investigate two compounds currently under suspicion as weak bladder carcinogens, namely(More)
Colorectal carcinoma remains the second most common malignancy in the western world. Mortality has remained stable despite advances in surgical and adjuvant radio- and chemotherapy regimens. This has renewed interest in the understanding of the basic principles of the molecular biology of colorectal carcinogenesis. The condition is characterised by multiple(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have a reduced life expectancy due to increased cardiovascular disease. The lack of a suitable animal model resembling both RA and atherosclerosis has hindered studies demonstrating a direct link between systemic inflammation in RA and the development of atherosclerosis. Our objective was to overcome this(More)
Male and female Wistar rats were administered sodium saccharin for life (2 yr) either in the drinking water or diet. The maximum palatable dose of saccharin in the drinking water was found to be 2 g/kg/day and, even then, there was some voluntary restriction of fluid intake in the males. By contrast, double this dose--namely 4 g/kg/day, was palatable in the(More)
Bladder cancer has a 70% recurrence rate within five years and a high associated mortality. It commonly occurs in one or both of two predominant growth/behaviour patterns: either well-differentiated, relatively benign exophytic papillary lesions, or flat, poorly differentiated invasive carcinoma usually arising from carcinoma-in-situ. We have used the F344(More)