Jaime Belkind-Gerson

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BACKGROUND Neuronal stem cells (NSCs) are promising for neurointestinal disease therapy. Although NSCs have been isolated from intestinal musclularis, their presence in mucosa has not been well described. Mucosa-derived NSCs are accessible endoscopically and could be used autologously. Brain-derived Nestin-positive NSCs are important in endogenous repair(More)
BACKGROUND Transplanting autologous patient-derived enteric neuronal stem/progenitor cells (ENSCs) is an innovative approach to replacing missing enteric neurons in patients with Hirschsprung disease (HSCR). Using autologous cells eliminates immunologic and ethical concerns raised by other cell sources. However, whether postnatal aganglionic bowel is(More)
Cell therapy offers an innovative approach for treating enteric neuropathies. Postnatal gut-derived enteric neural stem/progenitor cells (ENSCs) represent a potential autologous source, but have a limited capacity for proliferation and neuronal differentiation. Since serotonin (5-HT) promotes enteric neuronal growth during embryonic development, we(More)
BACKGROUND The intestine is known to contain enteric neuronal progenitors, but their precise identity and the mechanisms that activate them remain unknown. Based on the evidence for the neurogenic role of serotonin (5-HT) in the postnatal gut and the observation of enteric neuronal hyperplasia in inflammatory bowel disease, we hypothesized that colitis(More)
Background:Enteric neural stem/progenitor cells (ENSCs) offer an innovative approach to treating Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) and other enteric neuropathies. However, postnatal-derived human ENSCs have not been thoroughly characterized and their behavior in the embryonic and postnatal intestinal environment is unknown.Methods:ENSCs were isolated from the(More)
Colonic motility is an essential component of normal colonic physiology and it controls essential bodily functions such as stool propulsion, storage, and expulsion. Disordered colonic motility may present with constipation or diarrhea as well as associated symptoms such as bloating, gas, pain, incontinence, and others. In order to assess colonic motor(More)
We evaluated the effect of propofol on resting anal sphincter pressure (RP) during anorectal manometry performed under general anesthesia in 20 children with chronic constipation. After propofol bolus administration, there was a significant decrease in the RP in 95% of children from a mean of 51.5 ± 15.3 to a mean nadir of 21.7 ± 10.5 mmHg (P < 0.001). The(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic constipation (CC) is a common problem in pediatrics and is often the result of obstructed defecation. The aim of the present study was to study the feasibility and efficacy of the balloon expulsion test (BET) in the diagnosis and management of children with CC. METHODS Retrospective study comparing BET and high-resolution anorectal(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is a cosmopolitan protozoan which infects all homoeothermic species, including humans. This parasite may cause severe neurological problems in congenitally infected newborns or immunocompromised individuals, but it also provokes psychiatric and neurological disorders as well as behavioural and sensory deficit. There is controversy(More)