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A behavioural evaluation was carried out on three chronic models of hepatic encephalopathy: two models of type B HE, portacaval shunt (PCS) and portal hypertension (PH) and one of type C HE with cirrhosis and portal hypertension from thioacetamide intoxication (TAA). The tasks selected cover a wide range of behaviours related to: locomotion(More)
Portal hypertension is a clinical syndrome that is difficult to study in an isolated manner since it is always associated with a greater or lesser degree of liver functional impairment. The aim of this review is to integrate the complications related to chronic liver disease by using both, the array of mast cell functions and mediators, since they possibly(More)
BACKGROUND Portal hypertension is a clinical syndrome that manifests as ascites, portosystemic encephalopathy and variceal hemorrhage, and these alterations often lead to death. HYPOTHESIS Splanchnic and/or systemic responses to portal hypertension could have pathophysiological mechanisms similar to those involved in the post-traumatic inflammatory(More)
Hepatic encephalopathy is a neurological complication observed in patients with liver disease. Subjects with hepatic encephalopathy can develop memory alterations. In order to investigate brain oxidative metabolism in an animal model of chronic cirrhosis and its modification after spatial working memory task, we determined the neural metabolic activity of(More)
BACKGROUND Because most of the characteristics of the portal hypertensive enteropathy can be explained on the basis of increased levels of mast cell mediators, the purpose of the present paper was to study mast cell splanchnic infiltration. METHODS Duodenum, jejunum, ileum and mesenteric lymph node complex infiltration by mast cells was assayed by a(More)
It has been shown that portal hypertension in the rat causes microvesicular hepatocytic fatty infiltration. Formation of megamitochondria (MG) is one of the most prominent alterations in steatosis. Because nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) impair mitochondrial function, these mediators have been(More)
Proinflammatory (TNF-alpha , IL-1beta, and NO) and antiinflammatory (IL-10, CO) levels were assayed in serum, liver, and small bowel in order to verify a hypothetic inflammatory etiopathogeny of portal hypertension that could be the cause of its evolutive heterogeneity. Male Wistar rats were divided into one control group (n=11) and one group with a triple(More)
An inflammatory etiopathogeny can be suggested in portal hypertensive enteropathy since infiltration of the intestinal wall by mononuclear cells has been described in this condition. This work was carried out with the intention of shedding light on this matter. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 control groups and 4 groups with partial portal vein(More)
People with hepatic insufficiency can develop hepatic encephalopathy (HE), a complex neuropsychological syndrome covering a wide range of neurological and cognitive and motor alterations. The cognitive deficits include disturbances in intellectual functions such as memory and learning. In spite of its high prevalence in western societies, the causes of HE(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation is increasingly recognized as an important component of tumorigenesis, although the mechanisms involved are not fully characterized. The invasive capacity of cancers is reflected in the classic metastatic cascade: tumor (T), node (N) and metastasis (M). However, this staging system for cancer would also have a tumoral biological(More)