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Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) plays a crucial role in the transport of cholesterol from the cytoplasm to the inner mitochondrial membrane, facilitating its conversion to pregnenolone by cytochrome P450scc. Its essential role in steroidogenesis was demonstrated after observing that StAR gene mutations gave rise to a potentially lethal disease(More)
Andrographolide is a bicyclic diterpenoid lactone derived from extracts of Andrographis paniculata, a plant indigenous to South Asian countries that shows anti-inflammatory properties. The molecular and cellular bases for this immunomodulatory capacity remain unknown. Here, we show that andrographolide is able to down-modulate both humoral and cellular(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)-associated diseases are considered to be the biggest problem for the worldwide swine industry. The PCV2 capsid protein (Cap) is an important antigen for development of vaccines. At present, most anti-PCV2 vaccines are produced as injectable formulations. Although effective, these vaccines have certain drawbacks, including(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional APCs with the unique ability to activate naive T cells, which is required for initiation of the adaptive immune response against pathogens. Therefore, interfering with DC function would be advantageous for pathogen survival and dissemination. In this study we provide evidence suggesting that Salmonella enterica serovar(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) constitute the link between innate and adaptive immunity by directly recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) in bacteria and by presenting bacterial antigens to T cells. Recognition of PAMPs renders DCs as professional antigen-presenting cells able to prime naïve T cells and initiate adaptive immunity against(More)
The acquired immune response begins with Ag presentation by dendritic cells (DCs) to naive T cells in a heterocellular cell-cell contact-dependent process. Although both DCs and T cells are known to express connexin43, a gap junction protein subunit, the role of connexin43 on the initiation of T cell responses remains to be elucidated. In the present work,(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are capable of initiating adaptive immune responses against infectious agents by presenting pathogen-derived antigens on MHC molecules to naïve T cells. Because of their key role in priming adaptive immunity, it is expected that interfering with DC function would be advantageous to the pathogen. We have previously shown that Salmonella(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) constitute the link between innate and adaptive immunity by directly recognizing pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) on bacteria and by processing and presenting bacterial antigens to T cells. Recognition of PAMPs renders DCs as professional antigen-presenting cells with the ability to prime naive T cells and to initiate the(More)
Piscirickettsia salmonis is a fish bacterial pathogen that has severely challenged the sustainability of the Chilean salmon industry since its appearance in 1989. As this Gram-negative bacterium has been poorly characterized, relevant aspects of its life cycle, virulence and pathogenesis must be identified in order to properly design prophylactic(More)
Infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) causes a severe and lethal systemic disease in mice, characterized by poor activation of the adaptive immune response against Salmonella-derived antigens. Recently, we and others have reported that this feature relies on the ability of S. Typhimurium to survive within murine dendritic(More)