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Despite universal acceptance of the value of elective hernia repair, many patients present with incarceration or strangulation, which are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We reviewed 147 patients who underwent emergency surgery for incarcerated groin hernias during a 10-year period in order to analyze the presentation and outcome in our(More)
Four cases of ventricular diverticulum are presented, 2 with spontaneous ventriculostomy. In 2 patients, the cause was monoventricular hydrocephalus through congenital stenosis of the foramen of Monro, with paraventricular diverticula and spontaneous ventriculostomy. Both patients had a cystic space in the quadrigeminal and supracerebellar cistern. In one(More)
Lumbar spine stenosis most commonly affects the middle-aged and elderly population. Entrapment of the cauda equina roots by hypertrophy of the osseous and soft tissue structures surrounding the lumbar spinal canal is often associated with incapacitating pain in the back and lower extremities, difficulty ambulating, leg paresthesias and weakness and, in(More)
Primary intrinsic oligodendrogliomas of the brainstem are exceedingly unusual. The authors report the case of an intraaxial brainstem oligodendroglioma in an adult. In an extensive review of oligodendrogliomas, only six (0.4%) of 1593 cases recorded could be identified as intrinsic brainstem tumors. Five of these cases were found in children. This report(More)
Neuroendoscopy is a minimally invasive technique that has revolutionized the management of multiple intracranial conditions. Neuroendoscopic techniques can be safely applied to the newborn in selected circumstances, but the indications, surgical technique, and the potential pitfalls and complications must be completely understood to ensure a successful(More)
The diagnosis of acute arsenic poisoning should be considered in any patient presenting with severe gastrointestinal complaints. Signs and symptoms include nausea, vomiting, colicky abdominal pain and profuse, watery diarrhea. Hypotension, fluid and electrolyte disturbances, mental status changes, electrocardiographic abnormalities, respiratory failure and(More)
We describe two cases of continuous muscular activity: one which is central (the stiff-man syndrome), and another which is peripheral (neuromiotony), the latter in a patient suffering from diabetic neuropathy and with positive Borrellia burgdorferi serology in the bloodstream, as well as CSF. Both cases reacted favourably to medical treatment. In the first(More)
CASE REPORT We described the follow up of a patient with diabetes mellitus type 2 who had a macular pattern dystrophy and bilateral neurosensory hearing loss. Electrophysiological studies revealed abnormal pattern electroretinography and impaired electro-oculogram responses. DISCUSSION Maternally Inherited Diabetes, neurosensory Deafness and generally(More)
One of the major difficulties in left heart catheterization through the interatrial septum is to ensure that the Brockenbrough needle tip is correctly laid on the fossa ovalis floor (FOF), which is the only area where the puncture must be done. The difficulties may be enhanced in patients with atrial enlargement and subsequent distortion of the anatomical(More)