Jaideep Singh Bains

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The simultaneous discharge of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal cells is a widely studied in vitro model of physiological and pathological network synchronization. This network is rapidly activated because of extensive positive feedback mediated by recurrent axon collaterals. Here we show that population-burst duration is limited by depletion of the releasable(More)
Glial cells actively participate in synaptic transmission. They clear molecules from the synaptic cleft, receive signals from neurons and, in turn, release molecules that can modulate signaling between neuronal elements. Whether glial-derived transmitters can contribute to enduring changes in postsynaptic efficacy, however, remains to be established. In rat(More)
In hippocampal slices, synchronous CA3 network activity induced persistent strengthening of active positive-feedback synapses. This altered network operation by increasing probability of future synchronous network activation. Long-term depression of synaptic strength induced by partial blockade of NMDA receptors during synchronous network activity reversed(More)
Afferent activity can induce fast, feed-forward changes in synaptic efficacy that are synapse specific. Using combined electrophysiology, caged molecule photolysis, and Ca(2+) imaging, we describe a plasticity in which the recruitment of astrocytes in response to afferent activity causes a fast and feed-forward, yet distributed increase in the amplitude of(More)
In mammals, stress elicits a stereotyped endocrine response that requires an increase in the activity of hypothalamic parvocellular neuroendocrine neurons. The output of these cells is normally constrained by powerful GABA-mediated synaptic inhibition. We found that acute restraint stress in rats released the system from inhibitory synaptic drive in vivo by(More)
Synaptic plasticity underlies higher brain functions such as learning and memory. At glutamatergic synapses in the vertebrate central nervous system, plasticity usually requires changes in the number of postsynaptic AMPA receptors. Recently, several studies have revealed that glial cells play an important role in regulating postsynaptic AMPA receptor(More)
1. Whole-cell recordings were obtained from type I paraventricular nucleus (PVN) neurones in coronal slices of rat hypothalamus to study the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in the modulation of inhibitory transmission resulting from the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors by the high affinity receptor agonist D,L-tetrazol-5-ylglycine. 2. A(More)
Endocannabinoid signaling is distributed throughout the brain, regulating synaptic release of both excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters. The presence of endocannabinoid signaling within stress-sensitive nuclei of the hypothalamus, as well as upstream limbic structures such as the amygdala, suggests it may play an important role in regulating the(More)
The contribution of Purkinje cells to cerebellar motor coordination and learning is determined in part by the chronic and acute effects of climbing fiber (CF) afferents. Whereas the chronic effects of CF discharge, such as the depression of conjunctive parallel fiber (PF) inputs, are well established, the acute cellular functions of CF discharge remain(More)
The probability of neurotransmitter release at the nerve terminal is an important determinant of synaptic efficacy. At some central synapses, the postsynaptic, or target, neuron determines neurotransmitter release probability (P(r)) at the presynaptic terminal. The mechanisms responsible for this target-cell dependent control of P(r) have not been(More)