Jaideep Chaudhary

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Sertoli cells are critical for testicular function and maintenance of the spermatogenic process. The induction of Sertoli cell differentiation in the embryo promotes testicular development and male sex determination. The progression of Sertoli cell differentiation during puberty promotes the onset of spermatogenesis. The maintenance of optimal Sertoli cell(More)
A major hurdle in understanding the role of androgens is the heterogeneity of androgen receptor (AR) expression in the prostate. Because the majority of prostate cancer arises from the AR-positive secretory luminal epithelial cells, identifying the androgen-mediated pathways in the prostate epithelium is of great significance to understanding their role in(More)
Organisms with targeted genomic modifications are efficiently produced by gene editing in embryos using CRISPR/Cas9 RNA-guided DNA endonuclease. Here, to facilitate germline editing in rats, we used CRISPR/Cas9 to catalyze targeted genomic mutations in rat spermatogonial stem cell cultures. CRISPR/Cas9-modified spermatogonia regenerated spermatogenesis and(More)
The Sertoli cell is a terminally differentiated testicular cell in the adult required to maintain the process of spermatogenesis. Previously basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) factors and c-fos have been shown to influence Sertoli cell-differentiated functions. The induction of Sertoli cell differentiation appears to involve the serum response element (SRE) of(More)
Prior to puberty the Sertoli cells undergo active cell proliferation, and at the onset of puberty they become a terminally differentiated postmitotic cell population that support spermatogenesis. The molecular mechanisms involved in the postmitotic block of pubertal and adult Sertoli cells are unknown. The four known helix-loop-helix ID proteins (i.e., Id1,(More)
E2A (TCF3) is a multifunctional basic helix loop helix (bHLH), transcription factor. E2A regulates transcription of target genes by homo- or heterodimerization with cell specific bHLH proteins. In general, E2A promotes cell differentiation, acts as a negative regulator of cell proliferation in normal cells and cancer cell lines and is required for normal(More)
As transcriptional regulators of basic helix-oop-helix (bHLH) transcription and non-bHLH factors, the inhibitor of differentiation (Id1, Id2, Id3, and Id4) proteins play a critical role in coordinated regulation of cell growth, differentiation, tumorigenesis, and angiogenesis. Id1 regulates prostate cancer (PCa) cell proliferation, apoptosis, and androgen(More)
Inhibitor of differentiation 4 (Id4), a member of the Id gene family is also a dominant negative regulator of basic helix loop helix (bHLH) transcription factors. Some of the functions of Id4 appear to be unique as compared to its other family members Id1, Id2 and Id3. Loss of Id4 gene expression in many cancers in association with promoter hypermethylation(More)
Sertoli cells are the epithelial cells responsible for the onset of pubertal development and maintenance of spermatogenesis in the adult. Transferrin is one of the major secretory products expressed by differentiated Sertoli cells. Investigation of the transcriptional control of transferrin gene expression provides insight into the regulation of Sertoli(More)
Highly conserved Inhibitors of DNA-Binding (ID1-ID4) genes encode multi-functional proteins whose transcriptional activity is based on dominant negative inhibition of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors. Initial animal models indicated a degree of compensatory overlap between ID genes such that deletion of multiple ID genes was required to(More)