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Organisms with targeted genomic modifications are efficiently produced by gene editing in embryos using CRISPR/Cas9 RNA-guided DNA endonuclease. Here, to facilitate germline editing in rats, we used CRISPR/Cas9 to catalyze targeted genomic mutations in rat spermatogonial stem cell cultures. CRISPR/Cas9-modified spermatogonia regenerated spermatogenesis and(More)
Sertoli cells are the epithelial cells responsible for the onset of pubertal development and maintenance of spermatogenesis in the adult. Transferrin is one of the major secretory products expressed by differentiated Sertoli cells. Investigation of the transcriptional control of transferrin gene expression provides insight into the regulation of Sertoli(More)
Members of the winged helix transcription factor family are known to regulate epithelial cell differentiation by regulating cell-specific gene expression. rWIN is a newly discovered member of the winged helix family shown to be present in the adult rat testis. In the testis the human homolog of rWIN, HFH-11, was localized to the germ cells (i.e.(More)
Sertoli cell differentiation is initiated in the embryo to promote testicular development and male sex determination. In the adult, Sertoli cells are critical for maintenance of the spermatogenic process. Previously, Sertoli cell differentiation has been shown to be regulated in part by basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors. This was based on(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibitor of differentiation 4 (Id4), a member of the Id gene family is also a dominant negative regulator of basic helix loop helix (bHLH) transcription factors. Some of the functions of Id4 appear to be unique as compared to its other family members Id1, Id2 and Id3. Loss of Id4 gene expression in many cancers in association with promoter(More)
As transcriptional regulators of basic helix-oop-helix (bHLH) transcription and non-bHLH factors, the inhibitor of differentiation (Id1, Id2, Id3, and Id4) proteins play a critical role in coordinated regulation of cell growth, differentiation, tumorigenesis, and angiogenesis. Id1 regulates prostate cancer (PCa) cell proliferation, apoptosis, and androgen(More)
Cell-specific expression of the iron-binding protein transferrin is in part mediated through the regulation of its promoter. Although all cells require iron from serum transferrin produced by hepatocytes, cells that create a blood barrier such as Sertoli cells in the testis and choroid plexus epithelium in the brain also express the transferrin gene to(More)
Sertoli cells are critical for testicular function and maintenance of the spermatogenic process. The induction of Sertoli cell differentiation in the embryo promotes testicular development and male sex determination. The progression of Sertoli cell differentiation during puberty promotes the onset of spermatogenesis. The maintenance of optimal Sertoli cell(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of our study was to show the apoptotic and anti-proliferative effects of phytosterols as distinct from cholesterol effects on prostate cancer cell lines, and also their differential expression of caveolin-1, and a prostate specific gene, PCGEM1. METHODS PC-3 and DU145 cells were treated with sterols (cholesterol and phytosterols)(More)
One of the primary endocrine hormones that influence the onset of Sertoli cell differentiation at puberty and help maintain differentiation in the adult testis is FSH. FSH can modulate the majority of Sertoli cell differentiated functions, including stimulation of the iron-binding protein transferrin. Previous studies have shown that FSH alters the levels(More)