Jai Kulkarni

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OBJECTIVE To ascertain the prevalence of back pain amongst traumatic lower limb amputees attending a regional rehabilitation centre and to determine the possible causes of back pain. DESIGN All traumatic lower limb amputees given a semi-structured questionnaire to complete and a comparative subgroup of amputees with back pain and without back pain(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of peripheral neuropathy on gait in diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Gait analysis was performed in the following groups matched for age, sex, and BMI: 20 normal healthy control subjects (NC), 20 non-neuropathic diabetic control subjects (DC), 20 neuropathic diabetic subjects (DN), and 20 neuropathic(More)
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is believed to cause postural instability due to abnormal proprioception. We assessed body sway in four groups, each of 20 subjects, matched for age, sex, and BMI: non-diabetic controls, non-neuropathic diabetic controls, subjects with diabetic neuropathy and no history of foot ulceration, and subjects with diabetic neuropathy(More)
PURPOSE This paper describes the design and implementation of a case study based investigation using immersive virtual reality as a treatment for phantom limb pain. METHOD Three participants who experienced phantom limb pain (two with an upper-limb amputation, and one with a lower-limb amputation) took part in between 2 and 5 immersive virtual reality(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between amputation, osteoarthritis and osteopenia in male war veterans with major lower limb amputations. Specific questions were to determine whether lower limb amputees following trauma are at subsequent risk of developing osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis of the hip on both the amputated and nonamputated(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the 5-year and 10-year survival rates of major (above ankle disarticulation level) dysvascular lower limb amputees attending a sub-regional Disablement Services Centre (DSC) specialising in amputee rehabilitation. Also to investigate the association between survival rates, cause of dysvascularity, level of amputation, smoking status and(More)
BACKGROUND Disruptions to the progress of the centre-of-pressure trajectory beneath prosthetic feet have been reported previously. These disruptions reflect how body weight is transferred over the prosthetic limb and are governed by the compliance of the prosthetic foot device and its ability to simulate ankle function. This study investigated whether using(More)
BACKGROUND If a prosthetic foot creates resistance to forwards shank rotation as it deforms during loading, it will exert a braking effect on centre of mass progression. The present study determines whether the centre of mass braking effect exerted by an amputee's habitual rigid 'ankle' foot was reduced when they switched to using an 'Echelon' hydraulic(More)
BACKGROUND Dermatologic problems restrict the normal use of a prosthetic limb. The importance of contact dermatitis to skin morbidity in a population of amputees and the selection criteria for patch testing have not been clearly defined. OBJECTIVE We describe the range of dermatoses seen in a population of amputees and examine the incidence, causes, and(More)
Multiple factors, including peripheral vascular disease and neuropathy, contribute to the development and perpetuation of complications of the lower extremities in diabetes. The main aim of the present study was to assess the peripheral vascular and nerve status of diabetic and non-diabetic subjects that had undergone lower limb amputation. Various(More)