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A novel adenosine receptor subtype has been cloned from a rat brain cDNA library using a probe generated by the polymerase chain reaction. The cDNA, designated RFL9, encodes a protein of 332 amino acids. The structure of RFL9 is most similar to that of the recently cloned rat A2-adenosine receptor, with a sequence identity of 73% within the presumed seven(More)
Complementary DNA clones representing cytoplasmic poly(A) RNAs of sea urchin embryos were hybridized with metabolically labeled cytoplasmic RNA preparations and the rates of appearance and of decay for each transcript species were determined at the blastula-gastrula stage of development. The prevalence of the transcripts chosen for this study ranged, on(More)
We describe here the organization of the CyIII subfamily of cytoskeletal actin genes in the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. The functional genes CyIIIa and CyIIIb are linked at a 6 X 10(3)-base distance. Gene CyIIIc appears to be a pseudogene that lacks 5' exons and displays unselected mutational changes. Gene CyIIIa codes for a protein that(More)
We have determined spatial patterns of expression of individual actin genes in embryos of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Radioactively labeled probes specific for each of five cytoplasmic-type (Cy) and the single muscle-type (M) mRNAs were hybridized in situ to sections of fixed embryos. M actin mRNA appears only late in development and is(More)
Telomeres are vital for preserving chromosome integrity during cell division. Several genes encoding potential telomere-binding proteins have recently been identified in higher plants, but nothing is known about their function or regulation during cell division. In this study, we have isolated and characterized a cDNA clone, pNgTRF1, encoding a putative(More)
The actin gene family of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus was analyzed by the genome blot method, using subcloned probes specific to the 3' terminal non-translated actin gene sequence, intervening sequence and coding region probes. We define an actin gene subtype as that gene or set of genes displaying homology with a given 3' terminal sequence(More)
The parameters determining the prevalence of the five actin gene transcripts that are differentially expressed during embryogenesis in the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus were measured in vivo. These results and previous studies show that the developmental appearance of the cytoskeletal actin mRNA, CyI, CyIIa, CyIIb, and CyIIIa, and the(More)
Molecular probes that individually recognize the 3' nontranslated regions of six actin genes were utilized in RNA gel blot hybridizations to detect RNAs complementary to each gene in embryonic and adult tissues of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. In addition the probes were used in DNA excess filter hybridizations to estimate the relative contribution of the(More)
Genetic linkage between the actin genes of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus was investigated by observing the segregation of restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). Specific RFLPs of actin gene pairs CyI/CyIIa and CyIIIa/CyIIIb always cosegregated, confirming the linkage groups CyI-CyIIa-CyIIb previously previously determined by molecular cloning.(More)
Nontranslatable transcripts containing interspersed repetitive sequence elements constitute a major fraction of the poly(A) RNA stored in the cytoplasm of both the sea urchin egg and the amphibian oocyte. We report the first complete sequence of a representative interspersed maternal RNA transcript, called ISp1. The transcript is about 3.7 kb in length(More)