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The effect of naringin, a bioflavanoid, with potent antioxidant activity was studied on kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures, cognitive deficit and oxidative stress. Rats were administered KA (10 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.)) and observed for behavioral changes and incidence and latency of convulsions over 4 h. The rats were thereafter sacrificed and(More)
Syzygium cumini (SC) is well known for its anti-diabetic potential, but the mechanism underlying its amelioration of type 2 diabetes is still elusive. Therefore, for the first time, we investigated whether SC aqueous seed extract (100, 200, or 400 mg/kg) exerts any beneficial effects on insulin resistance (IR), serum lipid profile, antioxidant status,(More)
We investigated the effects of crocin, a pharmacologically active constituent of Crocus sativus L., in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced cardiotoxicity with reference to hemodynamic, antioxidant, histopathological and ultrastructural parameters. Rats were administered crocin (5, 10 and 20mg/kg/day) or vehicle orally for 21 days along with ISO (85mg/kg,(More)
AIM Apart from its angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) activity, telmisartan is also a partial agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ). Therefore, we assessed whether telmisartan treatment attenuates myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in diabetic rats through PPAR-γ pathway. METHODS Diabetic rats were randomized to(More)
Oxidative stress and cognitive impairment are associated with PTZ-induced convulsions. Naringin is a bioflavonoid present in the grapefruit. It is a potent antioxidant, and we evaluated its effect on PTZ-induced convulsions. Rats were pretreated with normal saline, naringin (20, 40, and 80 mg/kg, i.p.), or diazepam (5mg/kg, i.p.) 30 min prior to the(More)
The cognitive impairment seen in epileptics may be a consequence of either the underlying epileptogenic process alone or it could manifest on account of the use of antiepileptic drugs that cause cognitive impairment as an adverse effect or both. Thus, there is a need for drugs that can suppress epileptogenesis without contributing to or, if possible, by(More)
Cisplatin is an effective anti-cancer drug which causes remarkable toxicity to kidney by generating reactive oxygen species and by stimulating inflammatory and apoptotic pathway. Citrus flavonoid, like nobiletin has been reported to possess anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. Hence, the present study was aimed to evaluate these(More)
The clinical use of doxorubicin is associated with dose limiting cardiotoxicity. This is a manifestation of free radical production triggered by doxorubicin. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy of febuxostat, a xanthine oxidase inhibitor and antioxidant, in blocking cardiotoxicity associated with doxorubicin in rats. Male albino Wistar rats were divided(More)
Recent studies have uncovered the beneficial effects of statin in cardiovascular diseases; however, the role of pitavastatin in ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced apoptosis and myocardial damage is not established. Therefore, in this study, we aim to investigate whether pitavastatin treatment attenuates myocardial IR injury via regulating oxidative stress,(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial infarction (MI) continues to be associated with high morbidity and mortality worldwide despite the availability of current therapeutic modalities. Kaempferol (KMP), a dietary flavonoid, possesses good antioxidant, immunomodulatory and anti-apoptotic properties and has been evaluated in the present study for its role in mitigating(More)