A long-term prospective study was carried out of 133 children diagnosed as having epilepsy in the first year of life, of whom two-thirds had West syndrome and one-third had other forms of epilepsy. They were followed for a minimum of three years (half for over seven years), during which time 15 children died. Of the 118 surviving, 54 had an IQ of > 70, but… (More)
Status epilepticus (SP) is defined as a single seizure or recurrent seizures of over 30 min. duration, without regaining full consciousness. In approximately 50% of cases SE is related to epilepsy. The International League Against Epilepsy has recently proposed a new SE classification (2001). The purpose of this prospective study is to evaluate SE incidence… (More)
Mild infantile epilepsy with spike-wave discharges in central and temporal regions was distinguished in the fiftieth and the sixtieth. Its clinical course and electroencephalographic features are very characteristic. Data from the studies carried out since 1978 have showed that this type of epilepsy is rarely properly diagnosed. Therefore, clinical and… (More)
In a group of 146 children aged from 8 months to 16 years treated for brain neoplasms the authors analysed the therapeutic results. Excluding the so called operative losses the survival over 4 years was obtained in one-fourth of patients with medulloblastoma, in over one-third of those with ependymoma, one-half of astrocytoma cases, and over one-third of… (More)
In a group of 57 children with brain neoplasms with a long follow-up the authors assessed the neurological and somatic condition of these patients, as well as their mental development and social adaptation. It is suggested that a child completing successfully prolonged treatment (which includes in cases of malignant neoplasms also radiotherapy and… (More)
Evaluating in 62 children aged from 4 months to 14 years (mean age 3 years 7 months) the correlation between the carbamazepine dosage (carbamazepine was given as the only drug in 21 cases, and as one of several drugs in 41) the authors failed to find a simple correlation. Nevertheless, most children receiving the "proper" doses had therapeutic plasma… (More)
The authors describe the clinical manifestations of the little known neurodermal syndrome described in 1952 by Ito and called Ito's hypomelanosis. Two own cases are presented.
Tuberous sclerosis belongs to the diseases diagnosed usually at pre-school or school age. Pringle's naevus ist the basic sing indicating the diagnosis. Genetic determination of the disease makes possibly early diagnosis necessary for correct genetic counselling. In the light of long-term observations of children with tuberous sclerosis the authors discuss… (More)