Jagdev M Sharma

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Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an important immunosuppressive virus of chickens. The virus is ubiquitous and, under natural conditions, chickens acquire infection by the oral route. IgM+ cells serve as targets for the virus. The most extensive virus replication takes place in the bursa of Fabricius. The acute phase of the disease lasts for about(More)
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an avian lymphotropic virus that causes immunosuppression. When specific-pathogen-free chickens were exposed to a pathogenic strain of IBDV (IM), the virus rapidly destroyed B cells in the bursa of Fabricius. Extensive viral replication was accompanied by an infiltration of T cells in the bursa. We studied the(More)
In this study the effect of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) on bursal macrophages during the acute phase of the infection was examined. Specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chickens were exposed to virulent IBDV and bursal adherent cells were examined by immunohistochemisrty and RT-PCR for virus infection and by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) for(More)
We examined the effects of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) on splenic T cells and macrophages. In acute IBDV infection, splenocytes responded poorly to Con A stimulation. However, when T cells were isolated from whole spleen cells, purified T cells responded normally to Con A. This result indicated that functional T cells were present in the spleen(More)
A continuous lymphoblastoid cell line was established from a JMV tumor transplant related to Marek's disease (MD). It is designated RPL1 (JMV) lymphoblastoid cell line. This cell line contains DNA sequences complementary to MD virus DNA and has an antigen similar to MD-tumor-associated surface antigen (MATSA). However, it lacks any MD virus (MDV) rescuable(More)
In the present study, we show that infection with infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes activation of macrophages, the key cells involved in inflammatory and immune-regulatory functions. Exposure of cultured spleen macrophages (SM) from SPF chickens to IBDV resulted in the production of nitric oxide (NO). In addition, there was upregulation of mRNA(More)
We studied the long-term effect of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) in chickens. Specifically, the restoration of virus-induced bursal lesions and the duration of humoral immunodeficiency were examined. One-week-old specific-pathogen-free chickens were intraocularly inoculated with an intermediate vaccine strain (IBDV-Vac) or a virulent strain(More)
A battery of lymphoid and nonlymphoid cells was examined for susceptibility to lysis by natural killer cells of chickens. Several susceptible targets were recognized, and most susceptible among these were cells of line LSCC-RP9, derived from a lymphoid tumor induced by Rous-associated virus 2. The natural killer reactivity against LSCC-RP9 target cells did(More)
We have constructed recombinant (r) fowl pox viruses (FPVs) coexpressing chicken type I interferon (IFN) and/or hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and fusion (F) proteins of Newcastle disease virus (NDV). We administered rFPVs and FPV into embryonated chicken eggs at 17 days of embryonation or in chickens after hatch. Administration of FPV or rFPVs did not(More)
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) causes widespread disease in poultry and wild-birds throughout the world. cDNA microarray analysis was used to examine the effect of NDV infection on host cell transcription. The results show that NDV infection causes an apparent suppression of the interferon response genes during the early stages of infection. In addition, the(More)