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Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an avian lymphotropic virus that causes immunosuppression. When specific-pathogen-free chickens were exposed to a pathogenic strain of IBDV (IM), the virus rapidly destroyed B cells in the bursa of Fabricius. Extensive viral replication was accompanied by an infiltration of T cells in the bursa. We studied the(More)
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an important immunosuppressive virus of chickens. The virus is ubiquitous and, under natural conditions, chickens acquire infection by the oral route. IgM+ cells serve as targets for the virus. The most extensive virus replication takes place in the bursa of Fabricius. The acute phase of the disease lasts for about(More)
A continuous lymphoblastoid cell line was established from a JMV tumor transplant related to Marek's disease (MD). It is designated RPL1 (JMV) lymphoblastoid cell line. This cell line contains DNA sequences complementary to MD virus DNA and has an antigen similar to MD-tumor-associated surface antigen (MATSA). However, it lacks any MD virus (MDV) rescuable(More)
In this study the effect of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) on bursal macrophages during the acute phase of the infection was examined. Specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chickens were exposed to virulent IBDV and bursal adherent cells were examined by immunohistochemisrty and RT-PCR for virus infection and by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) for(More)
 Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) induces an acute, highly contagious immunosuppressive disease in young chickens. We examined the role of T cells in IBDV-induced immunopathogenesis and tissue recovery. T cell-intact chickens and birds compromised in their T cell function by a combination of surgical thymectomy and Cyclosporin A treatment (Tx-CsA)(More)
We studied the long-term effect of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) in chickens. Specifically, the restoration of virus-induced bursal lesions and the duration of humoral immunodeficiency were examined. One-week-old specific-pathogen-free chickens were intraocularly inoculated with an intermediate vaccine strain (IBDV-Vac) or a virulent strain(More)
A battery of lymphoid and nonlymphoid cells was examined for susceptibility to lysis by natural killer cells of chickens. Several susceptible targets were recognized, and most susceptible among these were cells of line LSCC-RP9, derived from a lymphoid tumor induced by Rous-associated virus 2. The natural killer reactivity against LSCC-RP9 target cells did(More)
Vaccination of specific-pathogen-free chickens as 18-day embryos with the BVM isolate of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) resulted in extensive replication of the vaccine virus in the embryonic tissues. The virus was recovered from lung, thymus, proventriculus, liver, kidney, and spleen of embryos 1 day postvaccination, and recoverable virus persisted(More)
Primary lymphoid tumours induced by the subgroup A, B, C and D lymphoid leukosis viruses RAV-1, RAV-2, RAV-49 and RAV-50, respectively, have been developed as transplantable "B-cell" lymphoid tumours and designated LSCT-RP5, LSCT-RP6, LSCT-RP7 and LSCT-RP8, respectively. There seems little doubt that these are indeed transplants because all produce tumours(More)
We examined the effects of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) on splenic T cells and macrophages. In acute IBDV infection, splenocytes responded poorly to Con A stimulation. However, when T cells were isolated from whole spleen cells, purified T cells responded normally to Con A. This result indicated that functional T cells were present in the spleen(More)