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Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes Johne's disease (JD or paratuberculosis) in animals and has also been implicated in Crohn's disease of humans. It has been shown that MAP is endemic in animal population of India. Understanding of heterogeneity among MAP strains is important both for diagnosis and design control measures.(More)
Johne's disease (JD) is endemic in goatherds located at Central Institute for Research on Goats, Makhdoom, since 1979 and lately it has been reported from farmer's herds in equal frequencies. Despite using test and slaughter method for the control of JD for more than 25 years in these herds, incidence of JD has not been reduced. Efficacy of 'indigenous(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand the genetic diversity of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) isolates recovered from domestic and wild ruminants, commercial milk, and human beings in North India. METHODS Genotyping of MAP isolates (N=117) recovered from animals, commercial milk, and human beings in different regions of North India between 1998(More)
Efficacy of IS900 blood PCR was evaluated for the presence of MAP infection. Serum, fecal, and blood samples of kids, young, and adult goats from farm and farmer's herds in Mathura district were also screened by ELISA, microscopy and culture. Of 111 goats (kids: 40, young: 14, adults: 57) screened, 77.5% were positive by blood PCR. Of 76 goats, 90.8% (kids:(More)
Information on Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) genotypes infecting different animal species in India is limited. Presence of MAP was investigated in free ranging antelopes (locally known as Nilgai/blue bulls/Boselaphus tragocamelus) using direct microscopy, culture, IS900 PCR and IS1311 PCR-REA. IS900 elements of MAP from Nilgai and(More)
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is the etiological agent of paratuberculosis, a chronic gastroenteritis of ruminants and has zoonotic importance. We present here a review of MAP with respect to--(i) present diagnostic techniques and important developments; and (ii) MAP strain-typing tools. A summary of the findings to date is(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes Johne's disease in ruminants, a chronic enteritis evocative of human inflammatory bowel disease. In industrialized countries MAP has been cultured from pasteurized milk, compounding the increasing concern that MAP may be zoonotic. The purpose of this study was to evaluate commercially(More)
Effective control of paratuberculosis and investigations of potential link to Crohn's disease have been hampered by the lack of effective assays for easy and accurate diagnosis of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map). Map is extremely fastidious and depends on iron chelator (Mycobactin). Map strains from humans and sheep are very difficult(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate and characterize Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) in patients with Crohn's disease, attendants of animals with suspected infection, and healthy humans, using multiple diagnostic tests. METHODS A total of 119 samples (35 stool, 76 serum, three blood clots, and five biopsies) were collected from five patients(More)
Therapeutic efficacy of an "Indigenous vaccine" has been evaluated with respect to a commercial vaccine (Gudair, Spain), for the control of clinical Johne's disease (JD) in naturally infected goatherds. Seventy-one goats (JD positive) were randomly divided into 3 groups ("Bison", "Gudair" and "Sham-immunized"). After vaccination, goats were monitored for(More)