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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex disease that has potential involvement of inflammatory and oxidative stress-related pathways in its pathogenesis. In search of effective therapeutic agents, we tested curcumin, a naturally occurring compound with known anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties, in a rat model of light-induced retinal(More)
Preclinical and clinical studies have established evidence that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors and statins [hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMGR) inhibitors] inhibit colon carcinogenesis. Chronic use of high doses of COX-2 inhibitors may induce side effects, and combining the low doses of agents may be an effective way to increase their(More)
To develop efficient synergistic or additive combinations of chemopreventive and nutritional agents to reduce the risk of colon cancer, experiments were designed to test the application of a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor together with dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as decosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Thus, individual(More)
Epidemiological studies suggest that carotenoids such as beta-carotene and lutein play an important role in reducing the risk for several cancers. However, in colon cancer there is ambiguity with regard to the role of these compounds in that both preventive effects and tumor promotion have been observed. In the present study we observed that male F344 rats(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) have been highly effective in preventing colon, urinary bladder, and skin cancer preclinically, and also in clinical trials of colon adenoma formation. However, certain NSAIDs cause gastrointestinal ulceration and may increase cardiovascular events. Naproxen seems to cause the lowest cardiovascular events of the(More)
Trigonella foenum graecum (fenugreek) is traditionally used to treat disorders such as diabetes, high cholesterol, wounds, inflammation, and gastrointestinal ailments. Recent studies suggest that fenugreek and its active constituents may possess anticarcinogenic potential. We evaluated the preventive efficacy of dietary fenugreek seed and its major(More)
Extracts of Aesculus hippocastanum (horse chestnut) seed have been used in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, edema, and hemorrhoids. Most of the beneficial effects of horse chestnut are attributed to its principal component beta-escin or aescin. Recent studies suggest that beta-escin may possess anti-inflammatory, anti-hyaluronidase, and(More)
Triterpenoids are ubiquitous in the plant kingdom. Recent evidences support the beneficial effects of naturallyoccurring triterpenoids against several types of human diseases, including various cancers. Here, we have summarized the potential of triterpenoids belonging to the lupane, oleanane, ursane, and cucurbitacin groups, and their beneficial effects(More)
Nitric oxide-releasing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NO-NSAID) are promising chemoprevention agents; unlike conventional NSAIDs, they seem free of appreciable adverse effects, while they retain beneficial activities of their parent compounds. Their effect on colon carcinogenesis using carcinoma formation as an end point is unknown. We assessed the(More)
Epidemiologic and animal studies suggest that a high-fat diet containing mixed lipids promotes colorectal cancer, whereas fish oil lacks promoting effect. Although cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors are effective chemopreventive agents against colon carcinogenesis, administration of high doses of these agents over time may induce side effects. Here, we(More)