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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex disease that has potential involvement of inflammatory and oxidative stress-related pathways in its pathogenesis. In search of effective therapeutic agents, we tested curcumin, a naturally occurring compound with known anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties, in a rat model of light-induced retinal(More)
Preclinical and clinical studies have established evidence that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors and statins [hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMGR) inhibitors] inhibit colon carcinogenesis. Chronic use of high doses of COX-2 inhibitors may induce side effects, and combining the low doses of agents may be an effective way to increase their(More)
Trigonella foenum graecum (fenugreek) is traditionally used to treat disorders such as diabetes, high cholesterol, wounds, inflammation, and gastrointestinal ailments. Recent studies suggest that fenugreek and its active constituents may possess anticarcinogenic potential. We evaluated the preventive efficacy of dietary fenugreek seed and its major(More)
Extracts of Aesculus hippocastanum (horse chestnut) seed have been used in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, edema, and hemorrhoids. Most of the beneficial effects of horse chestnut are attributed to its principal component beta-escin or aescin. Recent studies suggest that beta-escin may possess anti-inflammatory, anti-hyaluronidase, and(More)
To develop efficient synergistic or additive combinations of chemopreventive and nutritional agents to reduce the risk of colon cancer, experiments were designed to test the application of a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor together with dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as decosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Thus, individual(More)
Tumor suppressor p53 plays a major role in colorectal cancer development. The present study explores the effects of p53-modulating agent CP-31398 alone and combined with celecoxib on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and colon adenocarcinomas in F344 rats. Maximum tolerated doses were 400 and 3,000 ppm for CP-31398 and celecoxib, respectively.(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) have been highly effective in preventing colon, urinary bladder, and skin cancer preclinically, and also in clinical trials of colon adenoma formation. However, certain NSAIDs cause gastrointestinal ulceration and may increase cardiovascular events. Naproxen seems to cause the lowest cardiovascular events of the(More)
p53 mutations occur in a large number of human malignancies. Mutant p53 is unable to affect downstream genes necessary for DNA repair, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis. The styrylquinazoline CP-31398 can rescue destabilized mutant p53 expression and promote activity of wild-type p53. The present study examines chemopreventive effects of CP-31398 on(More)
Nitric oxide-donating aspirin (NO-ASA) represents class of promising chemopreventive NO-NSAIDs. NO-ASA combines the beneficial effects of ASA and the gut-sparing effect of the NO moiety. There is, however, limited information on its pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects in vivo. Herein, experiments were designed to identify the optimal dose, the(More)
Nitric oxide-releasing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NO-NSAID) are promising chemoprevention agents; unlike conventional NSAIDs, they seem free of appreciable adverse effects, while they retain beneficial activities of their parent compounds. Their effect on colon carcinogenesis using carcinoma formation as an end point is unknown. We assessed the(More)