Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta

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Evolution of plaque that is prone to rupture is characterized by inflammation and physical changes. Accumulation of low-density lipoprotein in the sub-intima provides esterified cholesterol (ESC) to macrophages and smooth muscle cells that convert it into free cholesterol (FRC) by cholesteryl ester hydrolases (CEHs). Membrane-bound cholesterol carriers(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a rare congenital abnormality. It is currently classified as a genetic cardiomyopathy and results from early arrest of endomyocardial morphogenesis. The pathophysiology of left ventricular dysfunction, which becomes apparent beyond the 4th decade of life, is unclear. CASE REPORT We report a case of(More)
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is an uncommon type of congenital coronary anomaly. In adults, the clinical picture of ALCAPA varies widely between being asymptomatic, presenting similarly to other heart diseases, or as malignant arrhythmias. Patients who have cardiac arrest are usually young and do not(More)
Pulmonary embolism is the third most common cardiovascular disease. For prevention of pulmonary embolism, vena caval filters are extensively used in the United States. Of the reported complications of vena caval filters, strut fracture of the filter is the least common. We present a rare case of pericardial tamponade from fractured filter strut/leg(More)
Cardiogenic cerebral embolism is believed to be responsible over 25% of all ischemic strokes. Since 1856, Lambl's description of small excrescences on the aortic valves has attracted widespread attention and controversy. With the increasing use of transesophageal echocardiography, ever-increasing valvular strands are being detected. The case is presented of(More)
Gastrointestinal (GI) sarcoidosis is a very rare disease, which clinically presents along with systemic disease or as an isolated finding. Gastric sarcoidosis is the most common form of GI sarcoidosis. Symptomatic gastric sarcoidosis is rare and only few case reports have been described in the literature with well-documented histological evidence of(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND AND CASE REPORT: Polyarteritis Nodosa (PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis that affects medium-sized and occasionally involves small arteries leading to the disruption of the internal and external elastic lamina and contribute to the development of aneurysms. Aneurysms develop at bifurcation of major blood vessels; they are prone(More)
Brugada syndrome (BS), a life-threatening channelopathy associated with reduced inward sodium current due to dysfunctional sodium channels, is characterized by ST-segment elevation with downsloping "coved type" (type 1) or "saddle back" (type 2) pattern in V1-V3 precordial chest leads (1, 2). Brugada phenocopy, a term describing conditions inducing(More)