Jaffer A. Ajani

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BACKGROUND Surgical resection of adenocarcinoma of the stomach is curative in less than 40 percent of cases. We investigated the effect of surgery plus postoperative (adjuvant) chemoradiotherapy on the survival of patients with resectable adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction. METHODS A total of 556 patients with resected(More)
PURPOSE In the randomized, multinational phase II/III trial (V325) of untreated advanced gastric cancer patients, the phase II part selected docetaxel, cisplatin, and fluorouracil (DCF) over docetaxel and cisplatin for comparison against cisplatin and fluorouracil (CF; reference regimen) in the phase III part. PATIENTS AND METHODS Advanced gastric cancer(More)
BACKGROUND We performed a multi-institutional randomized trial comparing preoperative chemotherapy followed by surgery with surgery alone for patients with local and operable esophageal cancer. METHODS Preoperative chemotherapy for patients randomly assigned to the chemotherapy group included three cycles of cisplatin and fluorouracil. Surgery was(More)
BACKGROUND VEGFR-2 has a role in gastric cancer pathogenesis and progression. We assessed whether ramucirumab, a monoclonal antibody VEGFR-2 antagonist, in combination with paclitaxel would increase overall survival in patients previously treated for advanced gastric cancer compared with placebo plus paclitaxel. METHODS This randomised,(More)
BACKGROUND Primary adenocarcinoma of the small bowel is a rare neoplasm, and to the authors' knowledge, few studies to date have addressed the topic. METHODS In the current study, the records of 217 patients with small bowel adenocarcinoma were reviewed retrospectively for the presentation, prognostic factors, treatment modalities, and outcome. RESULTS(More)
PURPOSE To update and expand on previously published clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of cancer treatment-induced diarrhea. METHODS An expert multidisciplinary panel was convened to review the recent literature and discuss recommendations for updating the practice guidelines previously published by this group in the Journal of Clinical(More)
PURPOSE Effective systemic therapy for advanced carcinoid is lacking. The combination of bevacizumab (BEV) and pegylated (PEG) interferon alpha-2b was evaluated among patients with metastatic or unresectable carcinoid tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-four patients on stable doses of octreotide were randomly assigned to 18 weeks of treatment with(More)
Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is the most prevalent esophageal cancer type in the United States. The TNF-α/mTOR pathway is known to mediate the development of EAC. Additionally, aberrant activation of Gli1, downstream effector of the Hedgehog (HH) pathway, has been observed in EAC. In this study, we found that an activated mTOR/S6K1 pathway promotes Gli1(More)
CONTEXT Chemoradiation as definitive therapy is the preferred primary therapy for patients with anal canal carcinoma; however, the 5-year disease-free survival rate from concurrent fluorouracil/mitomycin and radiation is only approximately 65%. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of cisplatin-based (experimental) therapy vs mitomycin-based (standard)(More)
PURPOSE To determine the activity and evaluate the toxicity of uracil and tegafur in a 4:1 molar concentration (UFT; Taiho Pharmaceutical Ltd, Tokyo, Japan) plus oral calcium leucovorin in the treatment of patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-five patients with advanced, bidimensionally measurable metastatic colorectal(More)