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BACKGROUND/AIM Anastomotic leak after esophagectomy is one of the most challenging complications resulting in a high morbidity and mortality and prolonged hospitalization. The study intended to assess the outcome of endoluminal self-expanding stent in the treatment of this problem. SETTINGS AND DESIGN Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery,(More)
Remote ischemic conditioning is a novel concept of protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Brief controlled episodes of intermittent ischemia of the arm or leg may confer a powerful systemic protection against prolonged ischemia in a distant organ. This conditioning phenomenon is clinically applicable and can be performed before--preconditioning,(More)
BACKGROUND Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been shown to reduce ischemic-reperfusion injury and is induced by brief forearm ischemia. Kinins are known to be involved in RIPC and act via the G protein coupled B1 and B2 receptors. Interaction of the kinins with their respective receptors causes receptor internalization, thereby reducing the(More)
BACKGROUND Thoracic hydatid disease remains a significant health problem in endemic areas. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate 763 patients diagnosed with thoracic hydatid cysts and treated surgically at Ibn-Alnafis Teaching Hospital between January 1986 and January 2006. METHODS All patients underwent surgery. The mean age was 26 years.(More)
Cardiac hydatidosis is extremely uncommon; only a few case series have been reported in the worldwide medical literature. Whereas hydatid cysts develop in the liver or lungs in 90% of patients who have hydatidosis, only 0.5% to 2% of patients thus diagnosed have cysts of the heart. Herein, we present the clinical summaries of 4 patients who had cardiac(More)
Deep hypothermia leading to cardiac arrest requires aggressive management for resuscitation. Various methods are available to rewarm the patient. We hereby present a case report where active resuscitation was carried out using cardiopulmonary bypass in a young female who was found unconscious with a core temperature of 26 degrees C. The relevant literature(More)
Primary pulmonary artery sarcoma is a rare tumor that can be misdiagnosed as acute or chronic pulmonary thromboembolic disease. This article reports a patient with a preoperative diagnosis of pulmonary embolism who was found to have an extensive pulmonary artery tumor. Surgical resection of the primary pulmonary artery sarcoma and reconstruction of the(More)
A 66-year-old Australian man underwent elective replacement of a severely stenotic aortic valve with a 22-mm Medtronic-Hall valve. Six weeks later, he was readmitted with worsening dyspnea, fever, and mild anemia. Investigations confirmed pulmonary edema and moderate periprosthetic aortic regurgitation. The pulmonary edema was managed conservatively, and a(More)
Access through the right superior pulmonary vein is a commonly used route for left ventricular vent insertion. Complex reshaping of the stylet and vent into a certain position or external guidance do not guarantee successful placement. In this article we describe a modified technique where the stylet sets up the position to allow consistent atraumatic(More)