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TWIK-1 is a member of the two-pore domain K(+) (K2P) channel family that plays an essential part in the regulation of resting membrane potential and cellular excitability. The physiological role of TWIK-1 has remained enigmatic because functional expression of TWIK-1 channels is elusive. Here we report that native TWIK-1 forms a functional channel at the(More)
Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons express mRNAs for numerous two-pore domain K(+) (K(2P)) channels and G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR). Recent studies have shown that TRESK is a major background K(+) channel in DRG neurons. Here, we demonstrate the pharmacological properties of TRESK, including GPCR agonist-induced effects on DRG neurons. TRESK mRNA was(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are a family of cell-surface receptors that have a key role in regulating critical cellular processes. Here, to understand and precisely control RTK signalling, we report the development of a genetically encoded, photoactivatable Trk (tropomyosin-related kinase) family of RTKs using a light-responsive module based on(More)
Herein, we report that insulin-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is translocated to the nuclear envelope by caveolin-2 (cav-2) and associates with lamin A/C in the inner nuclear membrane in response to insulin. We identified that the Ser¹⁵⁴ -Val¹⁵⁵ -Ser¹⁵⁶ domain on the C-terminal of cav-2 is essential for insulin-induced phosphorylation(More)
Astrocytes release glutamate upon activation of various GPCRs to exert important roles in synaptic functions. However, the molecular mechanism of release has been controversial. Here, we report two kinetically distinct modes of nonvesicular, channel-mediated glutamate release. The fast mode requires activation of G(αi), dissociation of G(βγ), and subsequent(More)
Calcium signaling is important in many signaling processes in cancer cell proliferation and motility including in deadly glioblastomas of the brain that aggressively invade neighboring tissue. We hypothesized that disturbing Ca(2+) signaling pathways might decrease the invasive behavior of giloblastoma, extending survival. Evaluating a panel of(More)
Pulsatile release of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is essential for pituitary gonadotrope function. Although the importance of pulsatile GnRH secretion has been recognized for several decades, the mechanisms underlying GnRH pulse generation in hypothalamic neural networks remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate the ultradian rhythm of GnRH(More)
Mitochondrial functions are essential for the survival and function of neurons. Recently, it has been demonstrated that mitochondrial functions are highly associated with mitochondrial morphology, which is dynamically changed by the balance between fusion and fission. Mitochondrial morphology is primarily controlled by the activation of dynamin-related(More)
Recent studies have suggested that acid-sensitive background K+ channels such as TASK-1 and TASK-3, members of two-pore domain K+ (K2P) channel family, express and contribute to extracellular acidification-induced responses in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons. However, it has remained to address whether other acid-sensitive background K+ channels are(More)
Ca2+ influx is known to be prerequisite for myoblast fusion during skeletal muscle differentiation. Here, we show that the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is involved in the Ca2+ influx of C2C12 myoblasts. NMDA receptor (NR) 1 and NR2D were expressed in the myoblasts during muscle differentiation. Using Ca2+ imaging analysis, Ca2+ influx through NRs(More)