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Degenerative changes following spinal fixation in a small animal model.
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate changes of the lumbar vertebral column following fixation. DESIGN Using an established small animal (rat) model of spinal fixationExpand
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The Impact of a Newly Implemented PBL Curriculum on the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners Part I Examinations at the National University of Health Sciences
Background: Performance differences between students of traditional lecture-based curricula and students of problem-based learning (PBL) curricula on standardized National Board Examinations haveExpand
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Effects of side-posture positioning and side-posture adjusting on the lumbar zygapophysial joints as evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging: a before and after study with randomization.
OBJECTIVE To test the a priori hypothesis that one of the positive mechanisms of action of chiropractic side-posture manipulation (adjusting) of the lumbar spine is to separate, or gap, theExpand
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Introducing the external link model for studying spine fixation and misalignment: part 2, Biomechanical features.
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to characterize intervertebral stiffness and alignment changes in the external link model and evaluate it as an experimental mimic for studying theExpand
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Introducing the external link model for studying spine fixation and misalignment: part 1--need, rationale, and applications.
This is the first article in a series introducing a new animal model, the External Link Model that we propose will allow researchers to produce and study spine lesions with the cardinal biomechanicalExpand
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Introducing the external link model for studying spine fixation and misalignment: current procedures, costs, and failure rates.
OBJECTIVE This is the last article in a series of 3 articles introducing a new animal model, the external link model (ELM), that permits reversible, nontraumatic control of the cardinal biomechanicalExpand
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