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The leaves of Lagerstroemia speciosa (Lythraceae), a Southeast Asian tree more commonly known as banaba, have been traditionally consumed in various forms by Philippinos for treatment of diabetes and kidney related diseases. In the 1990s, the popularity of this herbal medicine began to attract the attention of scientists worldwide. Since then, researchers(More)
Previous research indicates that the human decision-making process is somewhat nonlinear and that nonlinear models would be more suitable than linear models for developing advanced decision-making models. In our study, we tested this generally held hypothesis by applying linear and nonlinear models to expert's decision-making behavior and measuring the(More)
The aim of this paper is to compare first order predicate logic, fuzzy logic and non-monotonic logic as knowledge representation methods. First, we define five properties of knowledge; conceptualization, transfer, modification, integration and decomposition. We also evaluate first order predicate logic, fuzzy logic and non-monotonic logic for the above(More)
The conventional interpretation of spikes is from the perspective of an external observer with knowledge of a neuron's inputs and outputs who is ignorant of the contents of the "black box" that is the neuron. Here we consider a neuron to be an observer and we interpret spikes from the neuron's perspective. We propose both a descriptive hypothesis based on(More)