Jaeil I Kim

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Shifts of the point of fixation between two targets aligned on one eye that are located near and far (Müller paradigm) stimulates a combined saccadic-vergence movement. In normal subjects, this test paradigm often induces saccadic oscillations of about 0.3 degrees at 20 to 30 Hz. We measured eye movements using the magnetic search coil technique in 2(More)
We measured gaze stability in darkness of four normal humans using the search coil technique. Subjects were tested first with their heads erect, and then with their heads positioned 180 degrees upside-down. In each position, subjects held their head stationary for one minute, and then actively performed pitch rotations for 20 sec. All subjects showed(More)
SUMMARY We used ocular motility recordings to identify the characteristics of a rare combination of conjugate, horizontal jerk, and pendular nystagmus in a 9-year-old boy. The clinical diagnoses were amblyopia, left esotropia, congenital nystagmus, and an apparently uniocular pendular nystagmus that mimicked spasmus nutans. Ocular motility recordings(More)
We critically review chemosensory conditioning studies with molluscs and find that, in many studies, the influence of nonassociative processes complicates, obscures, and renders ambiguous the unique contribution of associative learning. These nonassociative processes include sensory adaptation, habituation, sensitization, and changes in feeding motivation.(More)
Aversive chemosensory conditioning alters Hermissenda's feeding behavior. But opposite behavioral changes have been reported, depending on whether discrete-trial or context-conditioning paradigms were used, raising questions about the roles of associative and nonassociative processes. We attempted to produce chemosensory contextual conditioning but failed(More)
We examined the effect of ginseng total saponins (GTS) on phosphoinositide metabolism stimulated by activation of muscarinic receptor using rat cortical cultures. Carbachol stimulated formation of [3H]inositol phosphates ([3H]InsPs) by 3.3-fold over basal level in [3H]inositol-prelabeled cells. Pretreatment of GTS inhibited formation of [3H]InsPs evoked by(More)
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