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A simple, rapid and robust high performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection (HPLC-ELSD) method was established for the species discrimination and quality evaluation of Radix Bupleuri through the simultaneous determination of ten saikosaponins, namely saikosaponin-a, -b(1), -b(2), -b(3), -b(4), -c, -d, -g, -h, and -i. These(More)
The full potential of embryonic stem (ES) cells to generate precise cell lineages and complex tissues can be best realized when they are differentiated in vivo-i.e. in developing blastocysts. Owing to various practical and ethical constraints, however, it is impossible to introduce ES cells of certain species into blastocysts of the same species. One(More)
Neurons in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) are assumed to play important roles in the perception of nociceptive signals and the associated emotional responses. However, the neuronal types within the ACC that mediate these functions are poorly understood. In the present study, we used optogenetic techniques to selectively modulate excitatory pyramidal(More)
Rapid, simple and reliable HPLC/UV and LC-ESI-MS/MS methods for the simultaneous determination of five active coumarins of Angelicae dahuricae Radix, byakangelicol (1), oxypeucedanin (2), imperatorin (3), phellopterin (4) and isoimperatorin (5) were developed and validated. The separation condition for HPLC/UV was optimized using a Develosil RPAQUEOUS C(30)(More)
Device simulations on three-dimensional top-gated carbon nanotube field effect transistors (CNTFETs) have been performed by considering the quantum transport described in the framework of non-equilibrium Green's function method. Device characteristics of various top-gated CNTFETs, such as Schottky-barrier CNTFETs, CNTFETs with doped source and drain, and(More)
Two different emitting compounds, 1-[1,1';3',1"]Terphenyl-5'-yl-6-(10-[1,1';3',1"]terpheny-5'-yl- anthracen-9-yl)-pyrene (TP-AP-TP) and Poly-phenylene vinylene derivative (PDY 132) were used to white OLED device. By incorporating adjacent blue and yellow emitting layers in a multi-layered structure, highly efficient white emission has been attained. The(More)
Mobile devices represented by smart phones are being widely popularized in the world. Among many interesting functionalities and applications of mobile devices, the camera function and image viewer application may be most frequently used by everybody, and consequently a usual person may have more than a thousand of images in his smart phone. However, it is(More)
Three new blue-emitting compounds of 5P-VA, 5P-VTPA, and 5P-DVTPA for organic light-emitting diode (OLED) based on hexaphenylbenzene moiety were demonstrated. Physical properties by the change of the substitution groups of the synthesized materials were systematically examined. Photoluminescence spectrum of the synthesized materials showed maximum emitting(More)
Comparing the conventional vapor desposition process for OLEDs, the solution process using small molecules has merits of low production cost because of many reasons. For the solution process blue flourescent material, tertiary butyl (T) and anthracene (A) were first introduced as substituents to TAT core part,(More)
New hole injection materials for OLED based on phenothiazine were synthesized, and the electro-optical properties of synthesized materials were examined by through UV-Vis. and photoluminescence spectroscopy as well as cyclic voltammetry. 1-NDD-t-BPBP and 2-NDD-t-BPBP showed Tg of 180 and 177 °C. These are higher than that (110 °C) of 2-TNATA, commercial HIL(More)