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We report a nanoparticle-based probe that can be used for a "turn-on" theragnostic agent for simultaneous Raman imaging/diagnosis and photothermal therapy. The agent consists of a 10 nm spherical gold nanoparticle (NP) with pH-responsive ligands and Raman probes on the surface. They are engineered to exhibit the surface with both positive and negative(More)
Conductive hydrogels are a class of composite materials that consist of hydrated and conducting polymers. Due to the mechanical similarity to biointerfaces such as human skin, conductive hydrogels have been primarily utilized as bioelectrodes, specifically neuroprosthetic electrodes, in an attempt to replace metallic electrodes by enhancing the mechanical(More)
Graphene has received considerable attention in both scientific and technological areas due to its extraordinary material properties originating from the atomically single- or small number-layered structure. Nevertheless, in most scalable solution-based syntheses, graphene suffers from severe restacking between individual sheets and thus loses its material(More)
DNA nanostructures have been attractive due to their structural properties resulting in many important breakthroughs especially in controlled assemblies and many biological applications. Here, we report a unique energy storage device which is a supercapacitor that uses nanostructured DNA hydrogel (Dgel) as a template and layer-by-layer (LBL)-deposited(More)
We have functionalized core-shell CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) with a photosensitive monolayer, rendering them solution processable and photopatternable. Upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation, films composed of this material were found to polymerize, forming interconnected arrays of QDs. The photoluminescence properties of the nanocrystal films increased(More)
A series of quantum dot (QD) ligands are reported that can make strong polyelectrolyte QD surfaces with sulfonates or quaternary ammoniums, which can endow QDs with excellent colloidal stability independent of the pH and ionic strength, minimal hydrodynamic size, and can be exploited to achieve stable and flexible bioconjugations and layer-by-layer assembly.
We investigated systematic modulation of the Dirac point voltage of graphene transistors by changing the type of ionic liquid used as a main gate dielectric component. Ion gels were formed from ionic liquids and a non-triblock-copolymer-based binder involving UV irradiation. With a fixed cation (anion), the Dirac point voltage shifted to a higher voltage as(More)
We report on the resistance switching behavior of high quality NiO thin films grown on Pt(111)/SiOx/Si and Pt(111)/Al2O3 crystals. Polarity independent resistance switching, i.e., unipolar resistance switching exhibited a substrate crystallinity dependence during the resistance switching. The unipolar resistance switching was observed commonly in NiO film(More)
The effect of the trehalose incorporation on the nanomechanical properties of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine vesicles was studied using atomic force microscope (AFM) on mica surface. The vesicles were prepared only with the variation in the trehalose concentration and adsorbed on the mica surface. After the morphology of the adsorbed vesicles was(More)