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To study the process of chronic peritoneal inflammation from sterile solutions, we established an animal model to link structural changes with solute and water transport. Filtered solutions containing 4% N-acetylglucosamine (NAG) or 4% glucose (G) were injected intraperitoneally daily in 200- to 300-g rats and compared with controls (C). After 2 mo, each(More)
ATP-stimulated prostacyclin release from veins was investigated using epigastric veins isolated from hamsters. Veins were perfused with MOPS-buffered physiological salt solution (PSS). ATP was administered into the perfusate, and the bath solution (MOPS-PSS) was collected and assayed for the presence of the stable prostacyclin metabolite 6-keto-PGF1alpha.(More)
PURPOSE Convective transport of macromolecules from the peritoneal cavity into tumor is determined by its hydraulic permeability and the pressure gradient. Previous studies showed that establishing a pressure gradient into the tumor failed to result in significant penetration. This study addresses the hypothesis that the extracellular matrix is the major(More)
Prostacyclin is a powerful vasodilator that is released from vascular endothelial cells. Previous studies in our laboratory have indicated that arachidonic acid metabolites from venous endothelium play an important role in the dilation of adjacent arterioles during muscle stimulation. Furthermore, recent studies have suggested that ATP released from red(More)
During an increasing metabolic demand, as in exercise, the close venular-arteriolar pairing allows for diffusion of vasoactive substances from the venular blood to the arterioles. Adenosine triphosphate release from red blood cells may stimulate the venular endothelium to release vasoactive metabolites of arachidonic acid. The venous circulation is in an(More)
Phenylenediamines (PD) are dye precursors used to manufacture hair dyes. The three PDs, 1,2-,1,3-, and 1,4-PD and three chlorinated PDs, 4-chloro-1,2-PD, 4-chloro-1,3-PD, and 4,5-dichloro-1,2-PD were studied for their mutagenic effect in Salmonella typhimurium TA 102, cytotoxicity in human skin keratinocyte cells, and for DNA cleavage. The results show that(More)
Destruction of cancer cells by therapies directed against new molecular targets requires their effective delivery to the tumor. To study diffusion and convection of intraperitoneal (ip) therapy to ip tumors, we established a new athymic rat (RNU) model with ovarian tumor cells (SKOV3 and OVCAR3) implanted in the abdominal wall. The model simulates(More)
A facile synthesis of a combinatorial ceramide library and their activities in the NF-kappaB pathway and in apoptosis induction/prevention were demonstrated. A novel NF-kappaB activating molecule was discovered among ceramide containing beta-galactose, and the structural requirements of ceramides for apoptosis induction was elucidated.
OBJECTIVES Acute infection in an animal model of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) induces structural changes in the peritoneum and altersfunctional characteristics of transport. These changes may compromise observations of the chronic effects of dialysis solutions. To test the hypothesis that antibiotics would prevent acute infection without affecting(More)
Flessner, Michael F., Jaehwa Choi, Heather Vanpelt, Zhi He, Kimberly Credit, Jeffrey Henegar, and Michael Hughson. Correlating structure with solute and water transport in a chronic model of peritoneal inflammation. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 290: F232–F240, 2006. First published August 23, 2005; doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00211.2005.—To study the process of(More)