Jaegwan Chung

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Defect depth profiles of Cu (In1-x,Gax)(Se1-ySy)2 (CIGSS) were measured as functions of pulse width and voltage via deep-level transient spectroscopy (DLTS). Four defects were observed, i.e., electron traps of ~0.2 eV at 140 K (E1 trap) and 0.47 eV at 300 K (E2 trap) and hole traps of ~0.1 eV at 100 K (H1 trap) and ~0.4 eV at 250 K (H2 trap). The open(More)
Although two-dimensional monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides reveal numerous unique features that are inaccessible in bulk materials, their intrinsic properties are often obscured by environmental effects. Among them, work function, which is the energy required to extract an electron from a material to vacuum, is one critical parameter in(More)
UNLABELLED Poly(3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) polymerized with poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) is one of the most widely used conducting organic electrodes owing to its outstanding optical/electrical properties and high work function. Because its work function depends significantly on the molecular arrangements between PEDOT and PSS molecules on the(More)
We studied the electronic structure of rare-earth ditelluride (ReTe2: Re = La, Pr, Sm, and Gd) using photoemission spectroscopy. From the x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) study of the 3d core levels of rare-earth elements, we found that all the rare earth elements are trivalent. We have also made theoretical calculations using the Gunnarsson and(More)
We investigated interfacial mixing of solution-processed organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) using impedance spectroscopy (IS) and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) and its impact on device performance. We focused on interfacial mixing between a solution-processed cross-linkable hole transport layer (XM) and an emitting layer (EML), formed(More)
UNLABELLED In most solution-processed organic devices, a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) polymerized with poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) film is inevitably affected by various conditions during the subsequent solution-coating processes. To investigate the effects of direct solvent exposure on the properties of PEDOT polymerized with PSS (PEDOT:PSS)(More)
Rapid progress in two-dimensional (2D) crystalline materials has recently enabled a range of device possibilities. These possibilities may be further expanded through the development of advanced 2D glass materials. Zachariasen carbon monolayer, a novel amorphous 2D carbon allotrope, was successfully synthesized on germanium surface. The one-atom-thick(More)
To minimize the formation of unwanted interfacial layers, thin interfacial layer (ZrCN layer) was deposited between TiN bottom electrode and ZrO2 dielectric in TiN/ZrO2/TiN capacitor. Carbon and nitrogen were also involved in the layer because ZrCN layer was thermally deposited using TEMAZ without any reactant. Electrical characteristics of TiN/ZrO2/TiN(More)
The interfacial layer between the Al₂O₃ layer and the Si₃N₄ layer formed after postdeposition annealing (PDA) of TaN/Al₂O₃/Si₃N₄/SiO₂/Si (TANOS) stacks was investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning transmission electron microscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). From the result of the TEM analysis, it was found that(More)
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