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We used two methods, analytical inverse optimization (ANIO) and uncontrolled manifold (UCM) analysis of synergies, to explore age-related changes in finger coordination during accurate force and moment of force production tasks. The two methods address two aspects of the control of redundant systems: Finding an optimal solution (an optimal sharing pattern)(More)
We explored the role of the basal ganglia in two components of multi-finger synergies by testing a group of patients with early-stage Parkinson’s disease and a group of healthy controls. Synergies were defined as co-varied adjustments of commands to individual fingers that reduced variance of the total force and moment of force. The framework of the(More)
In this study, we tested several hypotheses related to changes in finger interaction and multifinger synergies during multifinger force production tasks in Parkinson's disease. Ten patients with Parkinson's disease, mostly early stage, and 11 healthy control subjects participated in the study. Synergies were defined as covaried adjustment of commands to(More)
We explored the multi-digit synergies and hand performance in object manipulations and pressing tasks in patients with early-stage Parkinson’s disease (PD) and healthy controls. Synergies were defined as inter-trials co-variation patterns among forces/moments produced by individual digits that stabilized a resultant mechanical variable. The subjects(More)
One important factor in fabricating protein microarray is to immobilize proteins without losing their activity on a solid phase. To keep them functional, it is necessary to immobilize proteins in a way that preserve their folded structural integrity. In a previous study, we developed novel Calixarene derivatives for the immobilization of proteins on the(More)
The study investigates the effect of task uncertainty on motor synergies and movement time for a whole-body pointing task employing a Fitts' like paradigm. Thirty-three healthy, young adults were asked to hold a 1.5-m long stick and point it as quickly and accurately as possible to the unmarked center of fixed targets on the ceiling at 150% of the subject's(More)
Humans are known to show anticipatory adjustments in the grip force prior to a self-generated or predictable action or perturbation applied to a hand-held object. We investigated whether humans can also adjust covariation of individual finger forces (multi-finger synergies) prior to self-triggered perturbations. To address this issue, we studied adjustments(More)
Two approaches to motor redundancy, optimization and the principle of abundance, seem incompatible. The former predicts a single, optimal solution for each task, while the latter assumes that families of equivalent solutions are used. We explored the two approaches using a four-finger pressing task with the requirement to produce certain combination of(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated changes in finger interaction and coordination in patients with olivo-ponto-cerebellar atrophy (OPCA) using the recently developed approach to motor synergies based on the principle of motor abundance. METHODS OPCA patients and control subjects performed sets of maximal and submaximal force production tasks by the fingers of(More)