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The possible molecular basis for the previously described antagonistic interactions between adenosine A(1) receptors (A(1)R) and dopamine D(1) receptors (D(1)R) in the brain have been studied in mouse fibroblast Ltk(-) cells cotransfected with human A(1)R and D(1)R cDNAs or with human A(1)R and dopamine D(2) receptor (long-form) (D(2)R) cDNAs and in(More)
Brain proline-directed protein kinase (BPDK), which contains a catalytic subunit homologous to and displaying site-specific phosphorylation similar to p34cdc2 kinase (Lew, J., Winkfein, R. J., Paudel, H. K., and Wang, J. H. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 25922-25926), has been examined for possible involvement in tau phosphorylation. Immunoblot analyses using(More)
We have identified and purified from bovine brain a novel protein kinase which catalyzes in vitro phosphorylation of neurofilament proteins NF-H and NF-M and tau proteins at sites implicating the enzyme in the regulation of neurocytoskeleton dynamics and in Alzheimer pathology. The protein kinase displays a phosphorylation site specificity similar or(More)
The study was designed to determine whether dopaminergic neurotransmission in the retina can operate via volume transmission. In double immunolabelling experiments, a mismatch as well as a match was demonstrated in the rat retina between tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine (DA) immunoreactive (ir) terminals and cell bodies and dopamine D2 receptor-like(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is activated by the neuronal-specific activator protein, p35. In contrast to the activation of typical CDKs by cyclin subunits, p35.Cdk5 was not further activated by the CDK-activating kinase (CAK) and was neither phosphorylated nor inhibited by the Tyr-15-specific Wee1 kinase. The previously identified proteolytic active(More)
The effects of depolarization by elevated potassium concentrations were studied in PC12 cells and in stably transfected AtT-20 cells expressing wild-type or [Leu19]-recombinant tyrosine hydroxylase (rTH). Changes in the phosphorylation states of Ser19 and Ser40 in tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) were determined immunochemically using antibodies specific for the(More)
Activation of striatal dopamine (DA) neurons by neuroleptic treatment or by electrical stimulation of the nigrostriatal pathway increases the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). The increase is mediated by phosphorylation of the enzyme. However, abolition of DA neuronal activity [by gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) treatment or transection of the nigrostriatal(More)
The distribution of dopamine D1 and D2 receptor immunoreactivities in the nucleus accumbens and the olfactory tubercle of adult and postnatal male rats were compared with the distribution of tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine transporter immunoreactivities. An overall co-distribution of D1 and D2 receptor immunoreactivities with tyrosine hydroxylase(More)
Mammalian brains contain a cde2-like protein kinase which is a heterodimer of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) and a brain-specific regulatory subunit with a molecular weight of 35,000. In this study, we examined the temporal and spatial expression patterns of p35nck5a in the developing rat brain. Northern blot analysis showed that p35nck5a messenger RNA(More)