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Phosphorylation of the neurofilament proteins of high and medium relative molecular mass, as well as of the Alzheimer's tau protein, is thought to be catalysed by a protein kinase with Cdc2-like substrate specificity. We have purified a novel Cdc2-like kinase from bovine brain capable of phosphorylating both the neurofilament proteins and tau. The purified(More)
The possible molecular basis for the previously described antagonistic interactions between adenosine A(1) receptors (A(1)R) and dopamine D(1) receptors (D(1)R) in the brain have been studied in mouse fibroblast Ltk(-) cells cotransfected with human A(1)R and D(1)R cDNAs or with human A(1)R and dopamine D(2) receptor (long-form) (D(2)R) cDNAs and in(More)
Brain proline-directed protein kinase (BPDK), which contains a catalytic subunit homologous to and displaying site-specific phosphorylation similar to p34cdc2 kinase (Lew, J., Winkfein, R. J., Paudel, H. K., and Wang, J. H. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 25922-25926), has been examined for possible involvement in tau phosphorylation. Immunoblot analyses using(More)
The study was designed to determine whether dopaminergic neurotransmission in the retina can operate via volume transmission. In double immunolabelling experiments, a mismatch as well as a match was demonstrated in the rat retina between tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine (DA) immunoreactive (ir) terminals and cell bodies and dopamine D2 receptor-like(More)
Neuronal Cdc2-like kinase is a heterodimer of Cdk5 and a 25-kDa subunit which is derived from a brain-specific 35-kDa novel protein, p35 (Lew, J., Huang, Q.-Q., Qi, Z., Winkfein, R. J., Aebersold, R., Hunt, T., and Wang, J. H. (1994) Nature 371, 423-426). Three truncated forms of p35 including the one corresponding to the 25-kDa subunit of the kinase have(More)
We have identified and purified from bovine brain a novel protein kinase which catalyzes in vitro phosphorylation of neurofilament proteins NF-H and NF-M and tau proteins at sites implicating the enzyme in the regulation of neurocytoskeleton dynamics and in Alzheimer pathology. The protein kinase displays a phosphorylation site specificity similar or(More)
Neurofilament proteins and the neuron-specific microtubule-associated protein tau are phosphorylated in vivo at sites conforming to the phosphorylation consensus motif of the cell-cycle-control protein kinase, p34cdc2-cyclin. Abnormalities in the phosphorylation of these proteins are associated with neurodegenerative disorders, such as amylotrophic lateral(More)
The effects of depolarization by elevated potassium concentrations were studied in PC12 cells and in stably transfected AtT-20 cells expressing wild-type or [Leu19]-recombinant tyrosine hydroxylase (rTH). Changes in the phosphorylation states of Ser19 and Ser40 in tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) were determined immunochemically using antibodies specific for the(More)
Activation of striatal dopamine (DA) neurons by neuroleptic treatment or by electrical stimulation of the nigrostriatal pathway increases the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). The increase is mediated by phosphorylation of the enzyme. However, abolition of DA neuronal activity [by gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) treatment or transection of the nigrostriatal(More)
The distribution of dopamine D1 and D2 receptor immunoreactivities in the nucleus accumbens and the olfactory tubercle of adult and postnatal male rats were compared with the distribution of tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine transporter immunoreactivities. An overall co-distribution of D1 and D2 receptor immunoreactivities with tyrosine hydroxylase(More)