Jae-Young Koh

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The use of zinc in medicinal skin cream was mentioned in Egyptian papyri from 2000 BC (for example, the Smith Papyrus), and zinc has apparently been used fairly steadily throughout Roman and modern times (for example, as the American lotion named for its zinc ore, 'Calamine'). It is, therefore, somewhat ironic that zinc is a relatively late addition to the(More)
Endogenous metals may contribute to the accumulation of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease. To specifically examine the role of synaptic zinc in the plaque accumulation, Tg2576 (also called APP2576) transgenic mice (hAPP(+)) expressing cerebral amyloid plaque pathology were crossed with mice lacking zinc transporter 3 (ZnT3(-/-)), which is required for(More)
Our understanding of the roles played by zinc in the physiological and pathological functioning of the brain is rapidly expanding. The increased availability of genetically modified animal models, selective zinc-sensitive fluorescent probes, and novel chelators is producing a remarkable body of exciting new data that clearly establishes this metal ion as a(More)
p16INK4A is a cell cycle inhibitor that is commonly inactivated in human tumors and tumor cell lines. Despite its importance in human neoplasia, the normal pattern of p16 expression remains largely unknown. Therefore, we analyzed the immunohistochemical localization of p16 in all human organs and demonstrated that cellular p16 expression is highly(More)
The vast majority of glioblastomas have CDKN2A, CDK4, or RB gene alterations that perturb the p16-cdk4-pRb cell cycle regulatory cascade. To explore whether immunohistochemical methods provide an alternative means of assessing this pathway, we studied 25 glioblastomas using a combination of molecular genetic and immunohistochemical assays. Homozygous(More)
In certain brain regions, extracellular zinc concentrations can rise precipitously as intense neuronal activity releases large amounts of zinc from the nerve terminals. Although zinc release has been suggested to play a pathological role, its precise physiological effect is poorly understood. Here, we report that exposure to micromolar quantities of zinc(More)
Cerebrocortical neurons that store and release zinc synaptically are widely recognized as critical in maintenance of cortical excitability and in certain forms of brain injury and disease. Through the last 20 years, this synaptic release has been observed directly or indirectly and reported in more than a score of publications from over a dozen laboratories(More)
In the brain, free zinc levels are under the exquisite control of a variety of zinc-regulating systems, in which zinc transporter (ZnT) proteins play a central role. ZnT3, which is prominently expressed in the brain, facilitates the concentration of free zinc in pre-synaptic vesicles. In addition to histochemical staining methods, a variety of zinc-specific(More)
Metals such as zinc, copper and iron contribute to aggregation of amyloid-beta (Abeta) protein and deposition of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We examined whether the lipophilic metal chelator DP-109 inhibited these events in aged female hAbetaPP-transgenic Tg2576 mice. Daily gavage administration of DP-109 for 3 months markedly reduced the(More)
The membrane-impermeable chelator CaEDTA was introduced extracellularly among neurons in vivo and in vitro for the purpose of chelating extracellular Zn(2+). Unexpectedly, this treatment caused histochemically reactive Zn(2+) in intracellular compartments to drop rapidly. The same general result was seen with intravesicular Zn(2+), which fell after CaEDTA(More)