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—The emerging broadband wireless access (BWA) technology based on IEEE 802.16 is one of the most promising solutions to provide ubiquitous wireless access to the broadband service at low cost. This paper proposes an efficient uplink bandwidth request-allocation algorithm for variable-rate real-time services in IEEE 802.16 BWA networks. In order to minimize(More)
Phytochelatins (PCs) with good binding affinities for a wide range of heavy metals were exploited to develop microbial sorbents for cadmium removal. PC synthase from Schizosaccharomyces pombe (SpPCS) was overexpressed in Escherichia coli, resulting in PC synthesis and 7.5-times-higher Cd accumulation. The coexpression of a variant gamma-glutamylcysteine(More)
While the classical framework has a rich set of limited information procedures such as GMM and other related methods, the situation is not so in the Bayesian framework. We develop a limited information procedure in the Bayesian framework that does not require the knowledge of the full likelihood. The developed procedure is a Bayesian counterpart of the(More)
The morphogenesis of fungiform papillae occurs in a stereotyped pattern on the dorsal surface of the tongue in mice from embryonic day 12 (E12) to E17. The histological results and ultrastructural observations showed the development of specific structures in the epithelium into fungiform papillae. Prior to the morphological changes, the Bmp-4 and Shh(More)
Palatal development is one of the critical events in craniofacial morphogenesis. During fusion of the palatal shelves, removal of the midline epithelial seam (MES) is a fundamental process for achieving proper morphogenesis of the palate. The reported mechanisms for removing the MES are the processes of apoptosis, migration or general(More)
This study proposes a system for classifying facial asymmetry with accompanying mandibular prognathism to facilitate choice of surgical method. We examined hard and soft tissue measurements obtained from posterior-anterior cephalometric radiographs and clinical facial photographs of 153 patients (86 male, 67 female), classifying them according to menton(More)
The enamel knot (EK), which is located in the center of bud and cap stage tooth germs, is a transitory cluster of non-dividing epithelial cells. The EK acts as a signaling center that provides positional information for tooth morphogenesis and regulates the growth of tooth cusps by inducing secondary EKs. The morphological, cellular, and molecular events(More)
The dorsal surface of the mammalian tongue is covered with four kinds of papillae, fungiform, circumvallate, foliate and filiform papillae. With the exception of the filiform papillae, these types of papillae contain taste buds and are known as the gustatory papillae. The gustatory papillae are distributed over the tongue surface in a distinct spatial(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported that intestinal epithelium-specific TAK1 deleted mice exhibit severe inflammation and mortality at postnatal day 1 due to TNF-induced epithelial cell death. Although deletion of TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) can largely rescue those neonatal phenotypes, mice harboring double deletion of TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) and intestinal(More)