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OBJECTIVES There are few data on cold snare polypectomy (CSP) in direct comparison with cold forceps polypectomy (CFP) for colonoscopic resection of diminutive colorectal polyps (DCPs; ≤5 mm). The primary aim of this study was to compare the histologic polyp eradication rate of CSP with that of CFP using double-biopsy technique. METHODS This was a(More)
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most common cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. This study investigated the antineoplastic effects of intrinsic and extrinsic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligands against HBV-associated HCC cells in vitro. Four cell lines that were established from patients with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) may manifest paraneoplastic syndromes such as hypercholesterolemia, hypoglycemia, hypercalcemia and erythrocytosis. This study was aimed at evaluating the incidence and clinical significance of paraneoplastic syndromes in Korean HCC patients. METHODS The medical records of 165 HCC patients who(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether the quality of bowel preparation affects colonoscopic detection of non-polypoid colorectal neoplasms (NP-CRNs). AIM To evaluate the impact of bowel-cleansing quality on detection of NP-CRNs. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of asymptomatic screening colonoscopy cases after standardized bowel preparation at(More)
One of the most important prognostic factors in esophageal carcinoma is lymph node metastasis, and in particular, the number of affected lymph nodes, which influences long-term outcomes. The esophageal lymphatic system is connected longitudinally and transversally; thus, the pattern of lymph node metastases is very complex. Early esophageal cancer(More)
BACKGROUND NORE1 (RASSF5) is a newly described member of the RASSF family with Ras effector function. NORE1 expression is frequently inactivated by aberrant promoter hypermethylation in many human cancers, suggesting that NORE1 might be a putative tumor suppressor. However, expression and mutation status of NORE1 and its implication in colorectal(More)
With the widespread application of endoscopic submucosal dissection for the treatment of gastrointestinal neoplasms, accurate determination of the invasion depth prior to intervention has become an indispensable part of treatment planning. Narrow-band imaging (NBI) is a novel endoscopic technique that may enhance the accuracy of diagnosis. Magnifying(More)
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) plays an important role in gastric carcinogenesis, as the majority of gastric cancers develop from H. pylori-infected gastric mucosa. The rate of early gastric cancer diagnosis has increased in Japan and Korea, where H. pylori infection and gastric cancer are highly prevalent. Early intestinal-type gastric cancer without(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Detection of proximal serrated polyps (PSPs) is increasingly recognized as a new qualitative target for colonoscopy. The aims of this study were to assess the detected prevalence of PSPs and synchronous adenomas in an asymptomatic average-risk screening cohort and to evaluate potential factors associated with detection of PSPs. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) is the most potent member of the IAP family that exerts antiapoptotic effects. Recently, XIAP-associated factor 1 (XAF1) and two mitochondrial proteins, Smac/ DIABLO and HtrA2, have been identified to negatively regulate the caspase-inhibiting activity of XIAP. We explored the candidacy of XAF1,(More)