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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography to detect selective circulatory changes during cognitive activity. METHODS We measured cerebral artery flow velocity in 21 normal volunteers by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography during rest followed by cerebral activation. Mean and peak(More)
Twenty subjects with mildly to moderately severe Alzheimer disease (AD) and 14 normal elderly control subjects were studied using [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose and positron emission tomography (PET) to investigate regional cerebral glucose metabolism during both a resting state and a behavioral activation state, utilizing a reading memory task (RMT). The RMT(More)
Thirty-one patients with probable Alzheimer's disease and 11 patients with memory disorders, attributable to multiple cerebral infarctions, were studied using 18-F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography scans. Asymmetry in cerebral glucose metabolism within these diagnostic groups was assessed by comparison with the metabolic rates obtained in(More)
Sixteen normal volunteers were studied with [F-18] fluorodeoxyglucose and positron emission tomography scans during behavioral activation with a verbal fluency test, and 35 age-matched controls were studied with resting-state scans. There was an overall increase of the cerebral glucose metabolic rate of 23.3% during verbal fluency activation, compared to(More)
This report describes a strategy for measurement of regional CBF that rigorously accounts for differing tracer partition coefficients and recirculation, and is convenient for use with positron emission tomography. Based on the Kety model, the measured tissue concentration can be expressed in terms of the arterial concentration, the rate constant K, and the(More)
In 76 normal volunteers studied by positron emission tomography, with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose, CMRglu was significantly lower in the elderly as compared with young subjects and significantly higher in females relative to males. However, in 58 of these subjects who also had magnetic resonance imaging scans, age and gender were found to be unrelated to(More)
Positron-emission tomography (PET) was used to study regional cerebral metabolic activity during oral reading in right-handed adult males with, and without a childhood and family history of developmental dyslexia. Significant group differences in normalized regional metabolic values were revealed in prefrontal cortex and in the lingual (inferior) region of(More)
We used the noninvasive 133-xenon inhalation technique to determine cerebral hemodynamics in 55 normal volunteers aged 18 to 88. Values for cerebral blood flow and cerebrovascular CO2 reactivity in fast-clearing tissue (flow gray) and slow-clearing tissue (flow white) were examined as functions of age and in relation to hematocrit, blood pressure, and(More)
This report describes the statistical relationship of several whole blood viscosity parameters and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in 53 consecutive patients and normal controls. Significant correlations were present between CBF and serum fibrinogen (P = .05), hematocrit (P less than .05), and a relationship involving both fibrinogen and hematocrit (P less than(More)
Metabolic activation of the right and left somatosensory cortices (SSC) in response to an active sensorimotor task (palpation and sorting of mah jongg tiles) was studied in 16 right-handed normal volunteers using positron emission tomography (PET) and a double-injection [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose strategy. In 8 subjects with right-hand stimulation, cerebral(More)